I M Kjaer

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Craniofacial skeletal development in eight human holoprosencephalic fetuses from second trimester abortions were examined by radiography and histology. The whole spectrum of associated facial malformations from anophthalmia through cyclopia, ethmocephaly, cebocephaly, and median cleft lip to short philtrum was represented. Cases with the most severe facial(More)
A previous study has demonstrated that luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) is localized in the human bilateral vomeronasal organs in the nasal septum during a 4-week period of intrauterine life (22). The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the location of LHRH-expressing cells outside the vomeronasal organs, with special emphasis on the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to analyze the linear dimensions of the cranial base and the anterior facial heights in the median plane of human fetal crania during the second trimester. The distances measured were related to gestational age (GA), crown-rump length (CRL) and maturation stages of the cranial base (MSS). The material comprised(More)
The factors initiating the onset of desmal jaw formation are not known. The purpose of the present report was to examine the correlation between the appearance of ossification and nerve tissue in human fetal jaws. This was done through elaboration of similarities in occurrence of tissue types at four different sites of initial bone formation in the jaws.(More)
Closure of the palatal shelves during normal prenatal palate formation is commonly supposed to be the result of a complex interaction between tissue growth processes and functional factors such as mandibular and tongue movements. The purpose of the present study was to analyze tongue and palatine bone positions during palatal shelf closure. The material(More)
The purpose of the present study was to describe the sequence in which the lateral cranial base ossifies, particularly in the temporomandibular region. Charting the ossification sequence in the lateral normal cranial base is important for evaluating deviations in pre- and postnatal temporomandibular development. The material consisted of 74 normal human(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine immunohistochemically the expression of the low-affinity p75 nerve growth factor receptor in the dorsal root ganglia from 12 human fetuses (gestational ages, 10-24 weeks) located in three different spinal segments (cervical, thoracic, and lumbosacral), using a monoclonal mouse-antihuman low-affinity p75 nerve(More)
The sella turcica and pituitary gland in a human fetus (18 weeks gestation) with unilateral oro-ocular cleft combined with unilateral cleft lip and palate are described histologically. In this fetus the sella turcica was not a normal sella but a caudally open funnel. The adenopituitary gland tissue was positioned ectopically within the funnel canal and in(More)
The aim of the present study was to report dimensional changes in the lateral part of the prenatal human skull during the second trimester. The sample comprised 37 fetuses obtained in connection with requested autopsy. Gestational ages (GA) were available for 27 fetuses, ranging from 13 to 24 weeks. Crown-rump lengths (CRL) of 23 fetuses ranged from 78 to(More)
The purpose of the present investigation has been to analyse prenatal cranial base development in the coronal plane and to combine the findings with results in former reports on cranial base maturation estimated in the horizontal and sagittal planes. The study is based upon cranial bases of 26 human fetuses from the first half of the prenatal period. Fetal(More)
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