I. M. Gracheva

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A comparative study was performed of the processes of autolytic degradation of the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe under conditions simulating the phase of cell death in microbial cultures: (1) during autolysis induced by oleic acid, which is the chemical analogue of factors d2 (autolysis autoinducer), (2) under the effect of(More)
Streptomyces is characterized by genetic instability evident from high frequency of changes in various properties of secondary metabolites occurring spontaneously or under the influence of certain factors. Protoplast formation is one of such factors. The paper is concerned with the influence of protoplast formation and subsequent regeneration into the(More)
Methods for immobilizing champagne yeasts, physiological and biochemical characteristics of the immobilized cells, and problems of their utilization in the production of quality champagne wines are reviewed. Studies aimed at the development of efficient biocatalysts for champagnizing wines using bottle fermentation (methode champenoise) and tank processing(More)
A method of purification of endo-( 1 → 4)-β-xylanase (endoxylanase; EC from the culture liquid ofGeotrichum candidum 3C, grown for three days, is described. The enzyme, purified 23-fold, had a specific activity of 32.6 U per mg protein (yield, 14.4%). Endoxylanase was shown to be homogeneous by SDS-PAGE (molecular weight, 60 to 67 kDa). With(More)
Homogenous yeast (Endomycopsis sp. 20-9) glucoamylase was isolated from cultural medium. The homogeneity of the enzyme preparation is demonstrated by means of polyacrylamide gel disc electrophoresis, isofocusing and ultracentrifugation. Amino acid composition, molecular weight (53 000), sedimentation constant (4.3S) and isoelectric point (pI 3.80-3.82) of(More)