Learn More
Galls are abnormal plant growth induced by various parasitic organisms, mainly insects. They serve as “incubators” for the developing insects in which they gain nutrition and protection from both abiotic factors and natural enemies. Galls are typically armed with high levels of defensive secondary metabolites. Conspicuousness by color, size and shape is a(More)
BACKGROUND Frequency and associated risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation (HT), a worrying complication of ischemic stroke (IS), are not clearly defined. Our aim was to estimate the overall frequency and risk factors for HT in a hospital-based population. METHODS A retrospective review of medical records of patients discharged from our department(More)
Mortality studies based on death certificates (DCs) are relatively inexpensive and easy to conduct. Therefore, they are frequently used to evaluate variations of geographical and temporal patterns, particularly in uncommon diseases. Recent surveys of motor neuron disease (MND) and multiple sclerosis (MS) based on official mortality statistics in Italy(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of pregnancy and puerperium on the relapse rate of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS We determined retrospectively the yearly mean relapse rate (MRR) during pregnancies occurring in the course of relapsing-remitting MS. We compared the MRR of pregnancy-time with that of non-pregnancy time by paired t-test. Relative risk(More)
The aim of the study was to explore excitability of a motor and a non-motor (visual) area in patients affected by Friedreich ataxia and to correlate neurophysiological data with clinical parameters. Seven patients (3M/4F) and ten healthy controls (5M/5F) participated in the study. The hot-spot for activation of right abductor pollicis brevis was checked by(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoid proteinosis (LP), also known as Urbach-Wiethe disease, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a hoarse voice, warty skin infiltration and scarring. Mutations within the extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) gene cause LP. OBJECTIVES We report the molecular analysis of the ECM1 gene in a Sicilian patient with LP in order(More)
White (2010) commented on our hypothesis about aposematic galls (Inbar et al. 2010) and we are pleased for the opportunity to further discuss this still enigmatic, common, though variable phenomenon of conspicuous (mainly colorful) galls. White proposed an explanation for gall coloration based on the assumed senescing status of the galled tissue. Although(More)
Dopaminergic drugs and deep brain stimulation restore cortical inhibition in Parkinson disease (PD) patients. High-frequency rTMS was also found to increase cortical inhibition in PD but its therapeutic effect is still controversial. Here we hypothesize that, if dopaminergic drugs reverse to normal cortical excitability in M1, the effect of high-frequency(More)