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Recent reports indicate a significant incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and other nonpulmonary problems after the repair of congenital diaphragmatic defects. Reports of follow-up through adulthood are few and based on a small number of patients. From 1948 to 1982, 107 of 164 patients (65%) treated at the authors' institution survived after repair(More)
Between 1948 and 1980, 107 of 164 patients survived after repair of congenital diaphragmatic defects. To study chest wall and spinal deformities among these patients, 60 survivors (mean age, 29.6 +/- 9.0 years) underwent clinical examination, chest and spinal radiography, spirometry, and diffusing capacity measurements. Twenty-seven of these patients also(More)
Between 1948 and 1980, 107 of 164 patients survived after repair of a congenital diaphragmatic defect. Sixty of the survivors (mean age, 29.6 years; SD, 9.0 years) underwent clinical examination, chest radiography, spirometry, and diffusing capacity measurement 11 to 41 years after the diaphragmatic repair. Twenty-seven of the 60 had body plethysmography,(More)
During 1947-1978, 500 patients with esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula were treated at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki. The proportion of different types of anomaly followed the usual distribution, the commonest being the type with distal fistula (88.2%). For analysis, the patients were divided into five phases, each(More)
During the 5-year period from 1981 to 1985, Nissen fundoplication was performed on 13 esophageal atresia patients. One patient with Down's syndrome died because of cardiac malformation 2 weeks after the operation and is excluded from the analysis. Nine of the remaining 12 patients had the usual malformation with distal fistula, while three had isolated(More)
OBJECTIVES Few data exist for long-term results after the Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries. Sinus node dysfunction and systemic ventricular dysfunction have been the main problems. We evaluated risk factors for late death and the incidence of late death, sinus node dysfunction, and right ventricular dysfunction in 100 patients. (More)
Between 1963 and 1980, 34 elective esophageal reconstructions were performed on 29 esophageal atresia patients. Five patients needed two reconstructions. Among 20 colon replacement procedures there were 2 early deaths and three transplants failed. In 14 gastric tube reconstructions there was no mortality, but two tubes failed. The mean follow-up age of the(More)
Knowledge of normal heart dimensions is often needed in the planning of cardiac surgery in children. Attempts to define 'normal' have so far given varied and somewhat controversial results. The purpose of this study was to determine normal values for all heart measurements of clinical importance in children. Special interest was focused on the relationship(More)
A series of 21 patients with NID is presented. A histologic and histochemical picture of NID was seen in an heterogenous group of patients. NID was associated with bowel obstruction and/or perforation in six neonates and infants. One neonate died. During follow-up the bowel histology gradually normalized in four of the five patients. NID was found(More)
A series of six patients with bilateral Wilms' tumor (nephroblastoma) is presented. Multimodal therapy yielded a survival rate of 83% at 2 yr of follow-up. However, at the end of a later follow-up period only two patients (33%) were alive. of the 4 patients who died. Only 1 died of Wilms' tumor. One died of complications of aggressive chemotherapy and two(More)