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BACKGROUND Some neonatal units are introducing use of cup and traditional feeding devices for feeding young infants although they have been not been evaluated objectively. Hence this controlled trial of the use of the bottle, cup and a traditional feeding device ('paladai') was undertaken in neonates. METHOD The study comprised of 100 infants including(More)
Supplementary formula feeds inhibited the protective effect of expressed raw and pasteurised human milk in 226 high-risk neonates in a randomised controlled trial. The infection rate in the group given pasteurised human milk and formula (33%) was significantly higher than the rates in the groups given raw human milk (10.5%), pasteurised human milk (14.3%),(More)
In a prospective controlled study the anti-infective properties of breast-milk were evaluated in 70 high-risk low-birth-weight infants. 32 babies (group I) were given fresh expressed breast-milk during the day and milk formula at night. 38 infants (group II) received only milk formula and served as controls. The two groups were matched for other factors(More)
Fifty two babies were assessed by the Brazelton Neonatal Behaviour Assessment Scale (BNBAS) first at 24-48 hours after birth and next at 28 days of age. Of these 26 belonged to the normal vaginal delivery (NVD) group where the babies were roomed in with their mothers immediately after birth. The other 26 were delivered by Cesarean Section (CS) and had a(More)
Fifty two mother-infant pairs were studied. Twenty six of these were delivered by the normal vaginal route (NVD group) and twenty six by Cesarean section (CS group). The NVD babies were roomed in with their mothers soon after birth whereas the CS babies had a mean separation of 2.8 +/- 1.0 days. The mother baby interaction was evaluated by (a) direct(More)
This paper comprises 261 low birth weight infants who were divided into four groups with different feeding schedules. Group I--expressed human milk for all the feeds; Group II--human milk for half the feeds and the nursery formula for the rest; Group III--colostrum, 20 ml three times a day along with the nursery formula; and Group IV--control--only the(More)
A simple method of assessment of gestational age based on only four characteristics, namely, the anterior vascular capsule of the lens, plantar creases, breast nodule, and ear firmness, is presented. Critical evaluation by appropriate statistical analyses has shown this to be a useful method of practical value with 95% confidence limits of 11 days. It is(More)