I L Mortimore

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Limb and respiratory muscle (diaphragm) strength and fatiguability have been extensively studied in man and are known to vary with age and sex. However, in contrast to limb muscles and the diaphragm, force and fatiguability characteristics have not been studied in upper airway muscles. This study examines the hypotheses that tongue protrusion strength or(More)
The intrinsic tongue muscle, genioglossus, and soft palatal muscles, tensor palatini, levator palatini and palatoglossus, are known to exhibit phasic respiratory activity and to respond reflexly to negative pressure in man, which may be important in the maintenance of upper airway patency. We hypothesized that the palatopharyngeus muscle should also have(More)
Sleep apnea is worse in the supine posture and is associated with retropalatal airway narrowing or occlusion. We have, therefore, examined the effects of posture, negative pressure, and route of respiration on palatal muscle activity in 13 nonsnoring awake male subjects by using electromyography. Electromyographic activity of the levator palatini and(More)
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