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An increased risk of cancer in healthy individuals with high levels of chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in peripheral blood lymphocytes has been described in recent epidemiological studies. This association did not appear to be modified by sex, age, country, or time since CA test, whereas the role played by exposure to carcinogens is still uncertain because of(More)
Cytogenetic assays in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) have been used extensively to survey the exposure of humans to genotoxic agents. The conceptual basis for this has been the hypothesis that the extent of genetic damage in PBL reflects critical events for carcinogenic processes in target tissues. Until now, no follow-up studies have been performed to(More)
The objective was to study the risk of cytogenetic damage among high voltage laboratory workers exposed to electromagnetic fields and mineral oil. This is a cross sectional study of 24 exposed and 24 matched controls in a Norwegian transformer factory. The exposure group included employees in the high voltage laboratory and in the generator soldering(More)
Chromosomes were analysed using banding techniques in 1830 consecutively born infants. The prevalence of chromosomal aberrations was 19.67 per 1000, which is higher than figures found in previous cytogenetic surveys using conventional staining (8.34 and 5.75 per 1000 in a Danish and a combined survey, respectively). The use of banding techniques may explain(More)
Chromosome aberrations and micronuclei in peripheral lymphocytes were studied in 29 male chloralkali workers previously exposed to mercury vapor and in two matched reference groups comprising 29 nitrate fertilizer workers and 29 customs and police officers. The study was performed using whole-blood cultures with and without hydroxyurea and caffeine to(More)
The occupational and environmental hazards of nickel exposure are of great concern in environmental medicine. Nickel workers have increased risk of cancer of the nose, lung, larynx, and possibly the kidney. In the present investigation we have studied the effects of nickel ions on fetal human kidney cortex explants. The explants were continuously exposed to(More)
The cytogenetic endpoints in peripheral blood lymphocytes: chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and micronuclei (MN) are established biomarkers of exposure for mutagens or carcinogens in the work environment. However, it is not clear whether these biomarkers also may serve as biomarkers for genotoxic effects which will result in an(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CAs), but not of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), predicts cancer risk. We have further examined this relationship in European cohorts comprising altogether almost 22,000 subjects, in the framework of a European collaborative project (CancerRiskBiomarkers). The present paper(More)
Thirteen high-voltage laboratory employees and 20 referents participated in a cross-sectional, matched-pairs study of cytogenetic damage. During cable testing the workers were exposed to static, alternating, or pulsed electric and magnetic fields. The alternating magnetic field levels of 50 Hz were 5-10 microT, occasionally much higher. Chromosome(More)
Two brothers (Nos. 1 and 3), with physical and mental retardation and many other clinical characteristics in common, were both trisomic for 12p(ter leads to 12.1) and monosomic for 21p. Their mother (No. 5), the maternal grandmother (No. 7), aunt (No. 8), and a first-cousin (No. 9) were balanced translocation carriers, 46 rep (12;21) (p12.1;p11). Another(More)