Learn More
Experience with prolonged mechanical ventilation has improved over recent years. Retrospective analysis of the records of 104 patients older than 16 years of age who were mechanically ventilated for more than 29 days over a 29-month period from May 1986 to October 1988 revealed the following findings. The mean patient age was 66.3 +/- 15.7 years (SD). The(More)
Attention has been focused on the need to adjust hospital reimbursement and outcomes of hospital care for level of illness. Extant measures of disease severity, however, fail to consider the contribution of disease complexity. We developed an easily retrievable measure of disease complexity (COMPLEX) by modifying an existing severity system, computerized(More)
To address the paucity of patient-level data regarding the effectiveness of Medicare's prospective payment system (PPS), we conducted a population-based study of inpatient hospitalizations among individually identified elderly residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1970-1987. A 4.3% increase in total days of care/1000 population from 2,652/1,000 in 1970 to(More)
As part of a broader community program to evaluate approaches to hypertension control, a Community Hypertension Clinic, staffed by two nurse practitioners, was set up in a rural community. Hypertensive persons were identified either by an initial central blood pressure screening or by a subsequent home screening. Slightly more than half of the hypertensive(More)
Combined data from 10 different populations indicate that the serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels are higher in Ag(x-) than in Ag(x+) individuals. Although the differences were relatively small, they became more pronounced with increasing age. The Ag(x) antigen, which is associated with the serum low density lipoprotein, is genetically controlled and(More)
Eight normotensive and eight essential hypertensive humans were studied when on high and low sodium intake. Total 24-hr exchangeable body sodium, blood volume, serum sodium concentration, hematocrit, body weight, and mean arterial pressures, when the subjects were supine and upright, were measured. Plasma and nonplasma sodium fractions, nonplasma weight,(More)
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is widely considered to be an acceptable and less expensive alternative to bypass surgery in carefully selected patients. We compared expenditures related to cardiac care for 79 unselected patients undergoing coronary angioplasty with expenditures for 89 unselected patients undergoing elective coronary bypass(More)