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This paper reports the results of characterising and selecting a strain of Lactobacillus for potential use as a probiotic in regenerating the vaginal flora of women with recurrent episodes of bacterial vaginosis (BV). BV is a condition characterised by a depletion of vaginal lactobacilli accompanied by an overgrowth of a mixed vaginal flora of aerobic,(More)
This study was conducted to determine the relationship between lactobacilli and bacterial species associated with bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy and the prevalence of H2O2-producing and non-producing strains of lactobacilli in pregnant women whose vaginal flora had already been analysed. Information was available for 174 pregnant women whose vaginal flora(More)
The collagenase present in experimental carrageenin granuloma in the guinea pig has been purified to homogeneity in acrylamide gel electrophoresis by a combination of ammonium sulfate salting out and affinity chromatography on Sepharose 4B--collagen-packed columns. The single protein band thus obtained was used as an antigen to obtain a monospecific(More)
Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) is virucidal in vitro, and is therefore a candidate microbicide for preventing sexual transmission of HIV. However, the activity of N-9 is nonspecific, suggesting that virucidal levels may produce adverse effects including epithelial disruption, inflammation of the genital mucosa, or both. A randomized placebo controlled trial of daily use(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether intravaginal clindamycin cream reduces the incidence of abnormal pregnancy outcome in women with abnormal vaginal microbial flora graded as intermediate or BV and to investigate the effect of the antibiotic on vaginal microbial flora. METHODS A prospective cohort study of pregnant women in an antenatal clinic of a district(More)
Significant bacteriuria was found in 19% of 87 women with primary biliary cirrhosis, whereas in 89 women with other types of chronic liver disease bacteriuria was present in only 7%. In 74 women with rheumatoid arthritis 8% were bacteriuric. Midstream urine specimens obtained from 144 consecutive women with primary biliary cirrhosis attending hospital over(More)
BACKGROUND Although the male condom provides a reliable means of preventing HIV transmission, a broader choice of methods is required particularly in circumstances where the negotiation of condom use is difficult. Development of new products that may be effective as topical vaginal microbicides is the focus of a great deal of research activity currently.(More)
Membrane glycolipids contain the lactose sequence (galactose linked to glucose), and the oligosaccharide is variously extended such that there is a cell-type-specific repertoire. In this study, binding of Pseudomonas aeruginosa M35 to lipid-linked lactose (Gal beta 1-4Glc [structure 1]), lacto-N-neotetraose (Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Glc(More)
The effect on normal vaginal flora of three intravaginal microbicides potentially active against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 was examined. Volunteers received dextrin sulfate (D2S), nonoxynol-9 (N-9), or docusate sodium in separate placebo-controlled studies. High vaginal swabs were obtained for bacterial culture before and after microbicide(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of Mycoplasma hominis as a vaginal pathogen. DESIGN Prospective study comprising detailed history, clinical examination, sexually transmitted infection (STI) and bacterial vaginosis screen, vaginal swabs for mycoplasmas and other organisms, follow up of bacterial vaginosis patients, and analysis of results using SPSS(More)