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This paper reports the results of characterising and selecting a strain of Lactobacillus for potential use as a probiotic in regenerating the vaginal flora of women with recurrent episodes of bacterial vaginosis (BV). BV is a condition characterised by a depletion of vaginal lactobacilli accompanied by an overgrowth of a mixed vaginal flora of aerobic,(More)
This study was conducted to determine the relationship between lactobacilli and bacterial species associated with bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy and the prevalence of H2O2-producing and non-producing strains of lactobacilli in pregnant women whose vaginal flora had already been analysed. Information was available for 174 pregnant women whose vaginal flora(More)
Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) is virucidal in vitro, and is therefore a candidate microbicide for preventing sexual transmission of HIV. However, the activity of N-9 is nonspecific, suggesting that virucidal levels may produce adverse effects including epithelial disruption, inflammation of the genital mucosa, or both. A randomized placebo controlled trial of daily use(More)
  • L Van Damme, A Wright, +9 authors V Kitchen
  • 2000
BACKGROUND Although the male condom provides a reliable means of preventing HIV transmission, a broader choice of methods is required particularly in circumstances where the negotiation of condom use is difficult. Development of new products that may be effective as topical vaginal microbicides is the focus of a great deal of research activity currently.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether intravaginal clindamycin cream reduces the incidence of abnormal pregnancy outcome in women with abnormal vaginal microbial flora graded as intermediate or BV and to investigate the effect of the antibiotic on vaginal microbial flora. METHODS A prospective cohort study of pregnant women in an antenatal clinic of a district(More)
The effect on normal vaginal flora of three intravaginal microbicides potentially active against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 was examined. Volunteers received dextrin sulfate (D2S), nonoxynol-9 (N-9), or docusate sodium in separate placebo-controlled studies. High vaginal swabs were obtained for bacterial culture before and after microbicide(More)
Vaginal swabs for microbiological culture were taken from 174 pregnant women whose vaginal flora had been evaluated by Gram's stain; 50 had grade III flora (bacterial vaginosis, BV), 50 grade II (intermediate), 41 had vaginal flora graded as abnormal which then reverted to grade I (revertants) and 33 had normal flora (controls). The aim was to determine(More)
Significant bacteriuria was found in 19% of 87 women with primary biliary cirrhosis, whereas in 89 women with other types of chronic liver disease bacteriuria was present in only 7%. In 74 women with rheumatoid arthritis 8% were bacteriuric. Midstream urine specimens obtained from 144 consecutive women with primary biliary cirrhosis attending hospital over(More)
Bacterial and vegetable ureases were found to differ in certain important respects. For maximal clinical relevance, in vitro studies on the pathogenic role of urease should use whole bacterial cells of Proteus spp., and urease inhibitors should be assessed without preincubation of enzyme with inhibitor. Urease from Proteus morganii was very different from(More)