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Keloid is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components such as collagen, glycoproteins and fibronectin. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/theronine kinase which plays an important role in the regulation of metabolic processes and translation rates. Published reports(More)
The current design requirement for a tissue engineering skin substitute is that of a biodegradable scaffold through which fibroblasts can migrate and populate. This artificial "dermal layer" needs to adhere to and integrate with the wound, which is not always successful for the current artificial dermal analogues available. The high cost of these artificial(More)
Smad signalling plays important roles in developmental and cancer biology as well as in fibropathogenesis. Its role in keloid biology is not known. Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, originally described in normal skin, have recently been established to play a significant role in keloid pathogenesis, and demonstrate the important influence of keratinocyte(More)
Keloids, partially considered as benign tumors, represent the most extreme example of cutaneous scarring that uniquely afflicts humans as a pathological response to wound healing. It is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen and other extracellular matrix components by dermal fibroblasts. Upon cutaneous injury, cocktails of chemokines, cytokines(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a novel mitogenic growth factor that has been implicated in many different carcinomas. Its role in keloid biology has not yet been investigated. The present study is aimed at examining the role of HDGF in keloid pathogenesis. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analyses were used to examine in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Keloid scarring is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder characterized by increased fibroblast proliferation and excessive production of collagen and extracellular matrix (ECM) components. To date, the role of cytokines in keloid pathogenesis has not been completely unravelled. Interleukin (IL)-18 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that plays(More)
BACKGROUND Keloids are pathological scars and, despite numerous available treatment modalities, continue to plague physicians and patients. OBJECTIVES Identification of molecular mediators that contribute to this fibrotic phenotype. METHODS Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, MALDI-TOF, Mascot online database searching algorithm and Melanie 5 gel(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in angiogenesis during the wound healing process. As epithelial-mesenchymal interactions have been shown to regulate a plethora of genes in wound healing, we hypothesized that these interactions might have a role in modulating VEGF expression and angiogenesis. A two chamber co-culture model(More)
In this study, betamethasone disodium phosphate-loaded microparticles were fabricated for sustained release using poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) by spray drying and emulsion solvent evaporation/extraction techniques. Encapsulation efficiencies ranged from 59-80% using a water-in-oil-in-oil (W/O/O) double emulsion technique and more than 90% for a(More)