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Since 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) due to H5N1 virus has been reported from both domestic poultry and wild birds in 60 countries resulting in the direct death or slaughter of over 250,000,000 birds. The potential exists for HPAI to spread to Australia via migratory shorebirds returning from Asia with the most likely pathway of introduction(More)
  • I J East
  • 2009
In 2007, an epizootic of equine influenza (EI) occurred in Australia, involving parts of the states of Queensland and New South Wales. Following an extensive control program, the disease was eradicated within 4 months, after infecting more than 75,000 horses on over 10,000 properties. In Queensland, examination of land use patterns revealed that the(More)
The peritrophic membrane is a semi-permeable chitinous matrix lining the gut of most insects and is thought to have important roles in the maintenance of insect gut structure, facilitation of digestion, and protection from invasion by microrganisms and parasites. Proteins are integral components of this matrix, although the structures and functions of these(More)
A sample of 52 mixed-breed dairy cattle (Holstein Friesian and Jersey) and 51 beef cattle (Hereford) from south-east Queensland was studied. The second exon of BoLA-DRB3 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and polymorphisms were detected by heteroduplex analysis. A large number of different heteroduplex patterns indicated extensive sequence(More)
Many insects feed on blood or tissue from mammalian hosts. One potential strategy for the control of these insects is to vaccinate the host with antigens derived from the insect. The larvae of the fly Lucilia cuprina feed on ovine tissue and tissue fluids causing a cutaneous myiasis associated with considerable host morbidity and mortality. A candidate(More)
Two bovine MHC class II alleles, BoLA-DRB3*0201 and BoLA-DRB3*3301, contain a three base pair deletion which results in the deletion of a lysine (K beta 65) in the antigen recognition site (ARS). Modelling of BoLA-DRB3*0201 with the conserved lysine K beta 65 and BoLA-DRB3*0201 without K beta 65 indicated that this deletion altered the peptide specificity(More)
Several outbreaks of virulent Newcastle-disease occurred in Australia in 1998-2000. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 753 Australian chicken farms to identify risk factors associated with the seroprevalence of chicken flocks with Newcastle-disease virus (NDV). We had a 99.7% response rate to the survey and the overall prevalence of NDV seropositive(More)
Vaccination of cattle against the haemoprotozoan parasite, Babesia bovis, with the recombinant antigen 11C5 resulted in 9 of 15 cattle being protected against challenge infection. The cellular immune responses of protected and unprotected cattle were compared in order to identify differences in response. No differences were observed in the pattern of change(More)