I. Ioshikhes

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Low-copy repeats, or segmental duplications, are highly dynamic regions in the genome. The low-copy repeats on chromosome 22q11.2 (LCR22) are a complex mosaic of genes and pseudogenes formed by duplication processes; they mediate chromosome rearrangements associated with velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome, der(22) syndrome, and cat-eye syndrome.(More)
Epigenetic studies of DNA and histone modifications represent a new and important activity in molecular investigations of human disease. Our previous epigenome-wide scan identified numerous DNA methylation differences in post-mortem brain samples from individuals affected with major psychosis. In this article, we present the results of fine mapping DNA(More)
Restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS) is one of the most successfully applied methods for the identification of aberrant CpG island hypermethylation in cancer, as well as the identification of tissue specific methylation of CpG islands. However, a limitation to the utility of this method has been the ability to assign specific genomic sequences to(More)
Here we analyze the effect of DNA folding on the performance of short primers and describe a simple technique for assessing hitherto uncertain values of thermodynamic parameters that determine the folding of single-stranded DNA into secondary structure. An 8mer with two degenerate positions is extended simultaneously at several complementary sites on a(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in human health and disease as endogenous suppressors of the translation of coding genes. At this early point of time in miRNA biology, it is important to identify specific cognate mRNA targets for miRNA. Investigation of the significance of miRNAs in disease processes relies on algorithms that hypothetically link specific(More)
MOTIVATION A nucleosome DNA positioning pattern is known to be one of the weakest (highly degenerated) patterns. The alignment procedure that has been developed recently for the extraction of such a pattern is based on a statistical matching of the sequences, and its success depends on the pattern/background ratio in the individual sequences and in the(More)
Rare diseases are not that rare: worldwide, one in 12-17 people will be affected by a rare disease. Newborn screening for rare diseases has been adopted by many European and North American jurisdictions. The results of genetic testing are given to millions of families and children’s guardians who often turn to the Internet to find more information about the(More)
Active learning is a popular research area in machine learning and general domain natural language processing (NLP) communities. However, its applications to the clinical domain have been studied very little and no work has been done on using active learning for phenotyping tasks. In this paper we experiment with a specific kind of active learning known as(More)
Background: Complexes of nucleosomes, which often occur in the gene promoter areas, are one of the fundamental levels of chromatin organization and thus are important for transcription regulation. Investigating the dynamic structure of a single nucleosome as well as nucleosome complexes is important for understanding transcription within chromatin. In a(More)
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