Working memory (WM) training has been shown to lead to improvements in WM capacity and fluid intelligence. Given that divergent thinking loads on WM and fluid intelligence, we tested the hypothesis that WM training would improve performance and moderate neural function in the Alternate Uses Task (AUT)-a classic test of divergent thinking. We tested this… (More)
Following the introduction 30 years ago of neonatal screening and early dietary treatment for phenylketonuria there has been a dramatic decrease in the severity of neurological dysfunction associated with this disorder. However, there is evidence that subtle neurological impairment remains common in early treated subjects and in the last 3 years there have… (More)
We previously described demyelination in the brain and subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord in a patient with 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency. To assess the role of methionine, S-adenosylmethionine, folate, and neurotransmitter amine metabolism in the demyelination process, we measured these metabolites in CSF from this… (More)
A 2-year-old girl with 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency developed subacute combined degeneration of the cord and a leuco-encephalopathy which was confirmed at necropsy. Total folate concentrations in serum, red cells and CSF were markedly reduced whereas vitamin B12 concentrations were normal. In addition the patient had Parkinsonism and… (More)
To assess methyl-group metabolism in the central nervous system in infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), levels of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, methionine, and S-adenosylmethionine were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from six children with congenital HIV infection and neurological complications.… (More)
Between 1987 and 1990 IQ scores for 333 5-year-old white school children were obtained using the Wechsler Pre-School and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) and the results were compared with 112 children assessed in 1967. The mean full scale IQ score of 113.3 was 8 points higher than the mean of 105.1 in the 1967 study. These findings indicate that the… (More)
Children diagnosed as congenitally hypothyroid and treated from a very early age were followed up at 1 and 3 years. At 1 year they seemed to be developing normally, unless they were undertreated or had an additional disorder. There were no significant correlations between biochemical or social factors and psychological outcome at 1 year. At 3 years,… (More)
Twenty-four per cent of 457 sequential IQ assessments contained errors in the calculation of verbal, performance or full scale IQ's from the raw scores; in 2% the errors were large enough to cause a difference in full scale IQ of more than 5 points.