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Since the mid-1990s, lethal infections of koi herpesvirus (KHV) have been spreading, threatening the worldwide production of common carp and koi (both Cyprinus carpio). The complete genome sequences of three KHV strains from Japan, the United States, and Israel revealed a 295-kbp genome containing a 22-kbp terminal direct repeat. The finding that 15 KHV(More)
In this study, we cloned the goose-type (g-type) lysozyme gene from the Japanese flounder genomic DNA library, the first such data in fish and only the second after the chicken g-type lysozyme gene. The Japanese flounder g-type lysozyme gene was 1252 bp in length from the transcription site to the polyadenylation site, coded for 758 bp of mRNA and 195(More)
Salmonid fishes are among the few animal taxa with a probable recent tetraploid ancestor. The present study is the first to compare large (>100 kb) duplicated genomic sequence fragments in such species. Two contiguous stretches with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes were detected in a rainbow trout BAC library, mapped and sequenced. The(More)
We cloned a cDNA and the gene for Japanese flounder TNF. The TNF cDNA consisted of 1217 bp, which encoded 225 amino acid residues. The identities between Japanese flounder TNF and members of the mammalian TNF family were approximately 20-30%. The positions of cysteine residues that are important for disulfide bonds were conserved with respect to those in(More)
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) disease is a major threat to shrimp culture worldwide. Here, we assessed the efficacy of the oral administration of purified recombinant VP28, an envelope protein of WSSV, expressed in a Gram-positive bacterium, Brevibacillus brevis, in providing protection in shrimp, Penaeus japonicus, upon challenge with WSSV. Juvenile(More)
We cloned the cDNAs and genes of two different types of toll-like receptors from Japanese flounder. The results of homology searches suggested that these genes (designated JF-TLR2 and JF-TLR22) are homologues of human TLR2 and fugu TLR22, respectively. The cDNAs of JF-TLR2 and JF-TLR22 encoded 818 and 961 amino acid residues, respectively. JF-TLR2 and(More)
A rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gene for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been cloned and sequenced. The cDNA contains an open reading frame of 738 nucleotides that translate into a 246 amino-acid putative peptide, with a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 140 bp and a 3' UTR of 506 bp. Two potential N-linked glycosylation sites exist in the translation.(More)
Lysozyme cDNA was isolated from a kuruma shrimp, Marsupenaeus japonicus, hemocyte cDNA library. The cDNA consists of 1055 base pairs (bp) and encodes a chicken-type (c-type) lysozyme with a deduced amino acid sequence of 156 residues. The kuruma shrimp lysozyme has a high identity (79.7%) with pacific white shrimp lysozyme, and low to moderate identities(More)
BACKGROUND Despite its economic importance, we have a limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying shell formation in pearl oysters, wherein the calcium carbonate crystals, nacre and prism, are formed in a highly controlled manner. We constructed comprehensive expressed gene profiles in the shell-forming tissues of the pearl oyster Pinctada(More)
A cDNA containing the gene for Japanese flounder IgD consisted of 3240 bp encoding 998 amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence of the constant region of Japanese flounder IgD shares 38-80% identity with the sequences of previously reported teleost IgDs. The structure of the constant region of Japanese flounder IgD, which contains the micro1, delta1,(More)