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The splitting pattern and the spatial arrangement of the musculature were studied in the chick tibiotarsal segment. All 15 muscles evolve from the two opposed premuscular masses which become dorsal and ventral to the chondrogenic core before day 5 of incubation. Binary and tertiary divisions and subdivisions of these muscle masses between day 5 and day 7.5(More)
Recent investigations on a hereditary muscular dysgenesis (cn/cn) in the chicken (Kieny, Mauger, Hedayat & Goetinck, 1983) have suggested that limb muscle pattern development and subsequent maintenance are two independent steps in the formation of the musculature. The respective activities or muscle cells and connective tissue cells in the ontogeny of the(More)
The crooked neck dwarfism (cn/cn) is characterized, among other anomalies, by a muscular hypoplasia, particularly conspicuous in the tibiotarsal segment. Histological observations were performed between day 6 and day 12.5 of incubation. They show, in the tibiotarsal segment, that the hereditary muscular hypoplasia is not caused by a defect of the normal(More)
The effect of low dose whole-body gamma irradiation on inflammation and its possible modulation by Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) was studied in the carrageenan-induced paw oedema model. Rats were subjected to two doses of gamma radiation (2 Gy or intermittent radiation at 2 Gy increment delivered daily up to cumulative dose of 4 Gy), 4 h before unilateral(More)
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