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This prospective study was conducted with the Korean Cancer Study Group to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cetuximab combined with modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) as first-line treatment in recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer and to identify potential predictive biomarkers. Patients received cetuximab 400 mg m(-2) at week 1 and 250 mg m(-2) weekly(More)
It is now over a decade since the birth, in 1996, of Dolly the first animal to be produced by nuclear transfer using an adult derived somatic cell as nuclear donor. Since this time similar techniques have been successfully applied to a range of species producing live offspring and allowing the development of transgenic technologies for agricultural,(More)
As a result of identifying the regulatory proteins of thioredoxin (TRX), a murine homologue for human vitamin D3 up-regulated protein 1 (VDUP1) was identified from a yeast two-hybrid screen. Cotransfection into 293 cells and precipitation assays confirmed that mouse VDUP1 (mVDUP1) bound to TRX, but it failed to bind to a Cys32 and Cys35 mutant TRX,(More)
Fas ligand (FasL) and Fas are mediators of apoptosis, which are implicated in the peripheral deletion of autoimmune cells, activation-induced T cell death, and cytotoxicity mediated by CD8+ T cells. Fas is also believed to be involved in several central nervous system diseases, but until now, the effector cells expressing FasL in the brain have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in TRPV4, a gene that encodes a Ca(2+) permeable non-selective cation channel, have recently been found in a spectrum of skeletal dysplasias that includes brachyolmia, spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Kozlowski type (SMDK) and metatropic dysplasia (MD). Only a total of seven missense mutations were detected, however. The full spectrum of(More)
Surgical treatment of bone metastases from kidney cancer is often complicated by profuse blood loss. The authors report the results of a retrospective review of 30 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for spinal metastases from kidney cancer. Seventeen patients (57%) were operated on after failing radiation therapy. Prior to operation, selective(More)
We treated five patients with 11 supraophthalmic infusions of BCNU at 200 mg/m2 every 2 months. All three patients with residual tumors showed marked CT response after one infusion. Two patients with bilateral tumors had no response on the contralateral side. All four evaluable cases showed evidence of BCNU neurotoxicity. CT findings superficially resembled(More)
Stimulation of human lung fibroblast cells with TGF-beta1 resulted in a transient burst of reactive oxygen species with maximal increase at 5 min after treatment. This reactive oxygen species increase was inhibited by the antioxidant, N-acetyl-l -cysteine (NAC). TGF-beta1 treatment stimulated IL-6 gene expression and protein synthesis in human lung(More)
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) causes an economically important respiratory disease in poultry worldwide. Previous studies have shown that CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are critical in controlling acute IBV infection, but the role of innate immunity is unknown. This study describes the in vitro and in vivo anti-IBV activity of natural spleen(More)
The filum terminale is an anatomic structure at the end of the spinal cord. Only a few cases of AVFs of the filum terminale have been reported. These AVFs usually consist of a single communication between the anterior spinal artery and a single draining vein. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiologic features and treatment of 4 patients with(More)