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We examined the potential protective effect of BDNF against beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in vitro and in vivo in rats. In neuronal cultures, BDNF had specific and dose-response protective effects on neuronal toxicity induced by Abeta(1-42) and Abeta(25-35). It completely reversed the toxic action induced by Abeta(1-42) and partially that induced by(More)
Recent evidence has indicated that standard postprocessing methods such as template-based region of interest (ROI) definition and normalization of individual brains to a standard template may influence final outcome of functional magnetic resonance imaging investigations. Here, we provide the first comprehensive investigation into whether ROI definition and(More)
Despite there being an increasing number of installations of ultra high field MR systems (>3T) in clinical environments, no functional patient investigations have yet examined possible benefits for functional diagnostics. Here we performed presurgical localization of the primary motor hand area on 3T and 7T Siemens scanners with identical investigational(More)
Establishing a reliable correspondence between lesioned brains and a template is challenging using current normalization techniques. The optimum procedure has not been conclusively established, and a critical dichotomy is whether to use input data sets which contain skull signal, or whether skull signal should be removed. Here we provide a first(More)
INTRODUCTION The patho-physiological basis for finger dexterity deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) is controversial. Previously, bradykinesia was regarded as the major mechanism. However, recent research suggested limb-kinetic apraxia as an important component of impaired fine motor skills in PD. In contrast to bradykinesia, limb-kinetic apraxia only(More)
Impairment of hand dexterity in Parkinson's disease (PD) is usually attributed to bradykinesia. Recently, behavioral studies illustrated that decreased dexterity might also be due to limb-kinetic apraxia (LkA), as demonstrated by impaired performance in a coin rotation task. Here, we provide a first investigation on whether functional magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE To investigate intersite variability of clinical functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, including influence of task standardization on variability and use of various parameters to inform the clinician whether the reliability of a given functional localization is high or low. MATERIALS AND METHODS Local ethics committees approved the study;(More)
BACKGROUND In brachial plexus avulsion, a recent technique connects the ending of the disrupted musculocutaneous nerve to the side of the intact phrenic nerve to regain elbow flexion. This requires the phrenic nerve to perform a new double function: independent control of breathing and elbow flexion. Neuroplastic changes associated with acquisition of(More)
This study provides first data about the spatial variability of fMRI sensorimotor localizations when investigating the same subjects at different fMRI sites. Results are comparable to a previous patient study. We found a median between-site variability of about 6 mm independent of task (motor or sensory) and experimental standardization (high or low). An(More)