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Increasing evidence indicates that oxidative damage exists in schizophrenia. Available literature about possible mechanisms of oxidative stress induction was reviewed. Furthermore, possibilities of measuring biomarkers of schizophrenia outside the central nervous system compartment, their specificity for different types of schizophrenia and potential(More)
Polymorphic multidrug resistant protein 1 (MDR1) transports drugs against a concentration gradient across the blood-brain barrier and reduces their accumulation in the brain. MDR1 may therefore influence antipsychotic brain availability contributing to inter-individual differences in treatment response and adverse effects, regardless of plasma(More)
Epilepsy is considered one of the most common neurological disorders. The focus of this review is the acquired form of epilepsy, with the development process consisting of three major phases, the acute injury phase, the latency epileptogenesis phase, and the phase of spontaneous recurrent seizures. Nowadays, an increasing attention is paid to the possible(More)
Epilepsy is known as one of the most frequent neurological diseases, characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. Oxidative stress is believed to directly participate in pathways leading to neurodegeneration, which serves as the most important propagating factor, leading to the epileptic condition and cognitive decline.(More)
Intravesical administration of cytotoxic agents is commonly used in urological practice for treatment of superficial bladder cancer. The leading motive is optimisation of drug delivery near the site of action and reduction of systemic toxicity. Bladder pharmacokinetics is complicated by several mechanisms. The objectives of this work were to develop a(More)
BACKGROUND Body wasting and cachexia change body composition and organ function, with effects on drug pharmacokinetics. The aim of this study was to investigate how cancer and cancer cachexia modify liver metabolism and renal drug elimination in rats. METHODS Nine male Wistar-Han rats received a single oral dose of midazolam and propranolol (markers of(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy with platinum agent and etoposide for small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is supposed to be associated with intermediate risk (10-20%) of febrile neutropenia. Primary prophylaxis with granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSFs) is not routinely recommended by the treatment guidelines. However, in clinical practice febrile neutropenia(More)
There is a growing body of evidence confirming the involvement of oxidative stress and inflammation in pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Inter-individual variation in antioxidant capacity caused by different genetic profile could potentially influence patient’s susceptibility to oxidative damage. In this study we evaluated the polymorphisms of manganese(More)
There is a need for innovation in plant-derived pharmaceuticals, food supplements and nutraceutical products regarding the use of more eco-sustainable solvents for their extraction. Furthermore, the poor oral bioavailability of several phytochemicals with health promoting effects stimulates the research in the field of pharmaceutical formulations. Natural(More)
Nitrendipine is an effective and safe calcium-channel blocker for the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension. The aim of this study is to show that an artificial neural network (ANN) model of the relationship between nitrendipine plasma levels and pharmacodynamic effects can be built and used for pressure-drop prediction after oral administration of the(More)