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Warfarin is an anticoagulant drug with narrow therapeutic index and high interindividual variability in dose requirement. S-warfarin is metabolized mainly by polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9. We systematically quantified the influence of CYP2C9 genotype, demographic factors and concomitant drug treatment on warfarin metabolism and maintenance dose. The(More)
PURPOSE The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and malignant lymphoma (ML) in order to investigate the influence of common polymorphisms in SLC19A1, MTHFR and ABCB1 on plasma levels of MTX and (2) to estimate MTX exposure in(More)
Microspheres containing the mucoadhesive polymer chitosan hydrochloride, with matrix polymer Eudragit RS, pipemidic acid as a model drug and agglomeration preventing agent magnesium stearate were prepared by the solvent evaporation method. The amount of magnesium stearate was varied and the following methods were used for microsphere evaluation: sieve(More)
In the article a model of histamine kinetics is described. A motivation of this project was to investigate the hypothesis that methylhistamine may be a marker of histamine appearance in plasma. A model has been made to support the hypothesis. Since metabolic and transport pathways of histamine and methylhistamine are complex and not very well known, the(More)
Polymorphic multidrug resistant protein 1 (MDR1) transports drugs against a concentration gradient across the blood-brain barrier and reduces their accumulation in the brain. MDR1 may therefore influence antipsychotic brain availability contributing to inter-individual differences in treatment response and adverse effects, regardless of plasma(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that oxidative damage exists in schizophrenia. Available literature about possible mechanisms of oxidative stress induction was reviewed. Furthermore, possibilities of measuring biomarkers of schizophrenia outside the central nervous system compartment, their specificity for different types of schizophrenia and potential(More)
BACKGROUND Body wasting and cachexia change body composition and organ function, with effects on drug pharmacokinetics. The aim of this study was to investigate how cancer and cancer cachexia modify liver metabolism and renal drug elimination in rats. METHODS Nine male Wistar-Han rats received a single oral dose of midazolam and propranolol (markers of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the adrenal gland. It has been presumed that P-gp, rather than being involved in physiological cortisol secretion, plays a role in protecting the adrenacortical cells from xenobiotics. To explore this a study was performed on perfused bovine adrenal glands. Individual experimental(More)
We investigated bisoprolol pharmacokinetics, including longitudinal changes and importance of patient characteristics in chronic heart failure. Forty-six patients with chronic heart failure (57 % male, NYHA class I/II/III = 2/36/8) were followed for an average of 8 ± 2 months. At baseline and follow-up, plasma bisoprolol concentrations were determined and(More)
The objective of this study was to develop new solid self-emulsifying pellets to deliver milk thistle extract (silymarin). These pellets were prepared via extrusion/spheronisation procedure, using a self-emulsifying system or SES (Akoline MCM®, Miglyol®, Tween 80®, soy lecithin and propylene glycol), microcrystalline cellulose and lactose monohydrate. To(More)