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Ivermectin (IVM) concentrations in plasma and milk were studied in six Istrian Pramenka dairy sheep after a single subcutaneous dose of 0.2 mg/kg b.w. of IVM in the early lactation period to describe IVM disposition in milk and to evaluate the transfer of IVM residues via milk to suckling lambs. Large inter-animal in concentration variability of IVM in both(More)
Warfarin is an anticoagulant drug with narrow therapeutic index and high interindividual variability in dose requirement. S-warfarin is metabolized mainly by polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9. We systematically quantified the influence of CYP2C9 genotype, demographic factors and concomitant drug treatment on warfarin metabolism and maintenance dose. The(More)
The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and malignant lymphoma (ML) in order to investigate the influence of common polymorphisms in SLC19A1, MTHFR and ABCB1 on plasma levels of MTX and (2) to estimate MTX exposure in(More)
Warfarin is a frequently used anticoagulant drug with narrow therapeutic index and high interindividual variability in the dose requirement. We have previously shown that warfarin dose is influenced by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 genotype, age, body weight and co-treatment with drugs that interfere with warfarin metabolism. As, in many patients, drug(More)
Epilepsy is known as one of the most frequent neurological diseases, characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. Oxidative stress is believed to directly participate in pathways leading to neurodegeneration, which serves as the most important propagating factor, leading to the epileptic condition and cognitive decline.(More)
Polymorphic multidrug resistant protein 1 (MDR1) transports drugs against a concentration gradient across the blood-brain barrier and reduces their accumulation in the brain. MDR1 may therefore influence antipsychotic brain availability contributing to inter-individual differences in treatment response and adverse effects, regardless of plasma(More)
Microspheres containing the mucoadhesive polymer chitosan hydrochloride, with matrix polymer Eudragit RS, pipemidic acid as a model drug and agglomeration preventing agent magnesium stearate were prepared by the solvent evaporation method. The amount of magnesium stearate was varied and the following methods were used for microsphere evaluation: sieve(More)
In the article a model of histamine kinetics is described. A motivation of this project was to investigate the hypothesis that methylhistamine may be a marker of histamine appearance in plasma. A model has been made to support the hypothesis. Since metabolic and transport pathways of histamine and methylhistamine are complex and not very well known, the(More)