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Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein [BPI] is a cationic antimicrobial protein from neutrophils that specifically binds to the surfaces of Gram-negative bacteria via the lipid A component of lipopolysaccharide. To obtain information about the responses of Salmonella typhimurium to cell-surface damage by BPI, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and(More)
Nanoflagellates are ecologically important, but morphological identification requires techniques which are not practicable for use in quantitative studies of populations; alternative methods of accurate recognition of nanoflagellate species in mixed populations are therefore desirable. Fluorescent oligonucleotide probes which hybridize with unique sequences(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae IOL-207 genomic DNA was hybridized with a 1.5 kb labelled DNA probe containing the 3' region of the coding sequence for the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of C. trachomatis serovar L1. An 8.5 kb Bg/II fragment containing the complete MOMP gene was cloned into lambda EMBL3. Two hybridizing EcoRI fragments were sub-cloned into the(More)
A 1.2 kb BamHI fragment from pDK30 [Robinson, Kenan, Sweeney & Donachie (1986) J. Bacteriol. 167, 809-817] was cloned in pDOC55 [O'Connor & Timmis (1987) J. Bacteriol. 169, 4457-4482] to give two constructs, pDOC89 and pDOC87, in which the Escherichia coli D-alanine:D-alanine ligase (EC 6.3.2.4) gene (ddl) was placed under the control of the lac and lambda(More)
The 1.94 A structure of methanol dehydrogenase has been used to provide a model structure for part of a membrane quinohaemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase. The basic superbarrel structure and the active-site region are retained, indicating essentially similar mechanisms of action, but there are considerable differences in the external loops, particularly(More)
The structural gene (purB) for succinyl-AMP (S-AMP) lyase and three additional ORFs are on the same DNA strand of the chromosome of Escherichia coli. Cassette mutagenesis and primer extension mapping demonstrated that purB is co-transcribed with an upstream gene (ORF23, or ycfC) encoding a 22.9 kDa membrane-associated protein of non-essential, but unknown,(More)
Two programs, MOTIF and PATTERN, that scan sequences for matches to user-defined motifs and patterns of motifs based on identity and set membership are described. The programs use a simple and logical notation to define motifs, and may be used either interactively or by using command line parameters (suitable for batch processing). The two programs(More)
The APH gene of a butirosin-producing Bacillus circulans was cloned and shown to be expressed in Escherichia coli and Streptomyces lividans. The gene was sequenced and a possible developmentally regulated promoter identified. When the deduced protein sequence was compared with those from transposon Tn5, transposon Tn903, Streptomyces fradiae, Staphylococcus(More)
Pyruvate kinase is one of the enzymes which can be phosphorylated by stimulation of the cell with either glucagon or Ca2+-linked hormones. Whether these two classes of hormones phosphorylate the same site on the enzyme is unclear. Our results demonstrate that isolation of [32P]phosphorylated type-L pyruvate kinase from glucagon-treated hepatocytes followed(More)
Pyruvatekinase from the hepatopancreas of the common shore crab, Carcinus maenas, was purified to a specific activity of 240 units/mg of protein in the assay conditions described. 2. In one method of purification the enzymic activity could be resolved into two fractions after chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. Fructose 1, 6-diphosphate was able to effect the(More)