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Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein [BPI] is a cationic antimicrobial protein from neutrophils that specifically binds to the surfaces of Gram-negative bacteria via the lipid A component of lipopolysaccharide. To obtain information about the responses of Salmonella typhimurium to cell-surface damage by BPI, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and(More)
Nanoflagellates are ecologically important, but morphological identification requires techniques which are not practicable for use in quantitative studies of populations; alternative methods of accurate recognition of nanoflagellate species in mixed populations are therefore desirable. Fluorescent oligonucleotide probes which hybridize with unique sequences(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae IOL-207 genomic DNA was hybridized with a 1.5 kb labelled DNA probe containing the 3' region of the coding sequence for the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of C. trachomatis serovar L1. An 8.5 kb Bg/II fragment containing the complete MOMP gene was cloned into lambda EMBL3. Two hybridizing EcoRI fragments were sub-cloned into the(More)
A 1.2 kb BamHI fragment from pDK30 [Robinson, Kenan, Sweeney & Donachie (1986) J. Bacteriol. 167, 809-817] was cloned in pDOC55 [O'Connor & Timmis (1987) J. Bacteriol. 169, 4457-4482] to give two constructs, pDOC89 and pDOC87, in which the Escherichia coli D-alanine:D-alanine ligase (EC gene (ddl) was placed under the control of the lac and lambda(More)
The 1.94 A structure of methanol dehydrogenase has been used to provide a model structure for part of a membrane quinohaemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase. The basic superbarrel structure and the active-site region are retained, indicating essentially similar mechanisms of action, but there are considerable differences in the external loops, particularly(More)
The APH gene of a butirosin-producing Bacillus circulans was cloned and shown to be expressed in Escherichia coli and Streptomyces lividans. The gene was sequenced and a possible developmentally regulated promoter identified. When the deduced protein sequence was compared with those from transposon Tn5, transposon Tn903, Streptomyces fradiae, Staphylococcus(More)
The structural gene (purB) for succinyl-AMP (S-AMP) lyase and three additional ORFs are on the same DNA strand of the chromosome of Escherichia coli. Cassette mutagenesis and primer extension mapping demonstrated that purB is co-transcribed with an upstream gene (ORF23, or ycfC) encoding a 22.9 kDa membrane-associated protein of non-essential, but unknown,(More)
Two programs, MOTIF and PATTERN, that scan sequences for matches to user-defined motifs and patterns of motifs based on identity and set membership are described. The programs use a simple and logical notation to define motifs, and may be used either interactively or by using command line parameters (suitable for batch processing). The two programs(More)
1. An assay, based on the transfer of label from [gamma-32P]ATP to [32P]phosphoenolpyruvate, suitable for a steady-state kinetic analysis of pyruvate kinase in the reverse direction (i.e. phosphoenolpyruvate synthesis), is described. 2. This assay was used in a kinetic investigation of the rabbit muscle enzyme including initial-rate and product-inhibition(More)
1. Pyruvate kinase purified from the hepatopancrease of Carcinus maenas exhibited sigmoidal saturation kinetics with respect to the substrate phosphoenolpyruvate in the absence of the allosteric activator fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, but normal hyperbolic saturation was seen in the presence of this activator. The activation appears to be the result of a(More)