I. Francis Cheng

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The common metal chelation agents, DTPA and EDTA are often used as models for physiological low-molecular weight iron complexes in biochemical studies, or for common biochemical protocols. In the biochemical literature there are apparent conflicts as to whether EDTA and DTPA are pro-oxidant or antioxidant additives. This apparent conflict is puzzling since(More)
The effect of elevated CQ2 on photosynthesis, respiration, and growth efficiency of sunflower plants at the whole-stand level was investigated using a whole-system gas exchange facility (the EcoCELLs at the Desert Research Institute) and a 13C natural tracer method. Total daily photosynthesis (GPP), net primary production (NPP), and respiration under the(More)
Superoxide is unreactive in deionized water, but aqueous systems containing added solvents, including H2O2 at >100 mM, show significantly increased reactivity of superoxide with oxidized organic compounds such as highly chlorinated aliphatics. The potential for solid surfaces to similarly increase the reactivity of superoxide in water was investigated.(More)
A method for the removal of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) at room temperature and 1 atm is demonstrated. EDTA (1 mM, 50 mL) containing 2.5 g of granular zerovalent iron (ZVI) (20-40 mesh) was degraded in 2.5 h. Using a recently developed form of O2 activation, reactive oxygen species are generated in situ, resulting in the degradation of EDTA when(More)
A supercritical fluid extraction procedure and a chromatographic separation/detection method were developed for the detection of Earth-based microorganisms. After microbes in a sand or a soil sample were hydrolyzed in a diluted NH(4)OH/acetone solution, several redox compounds from bacteria could be effectively extracted with trimethylamine-modified(More)
An electrochemical method for the detection of triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is proposed and examined. In this method, TATP solutions were treated with 1.08 M HCl for 10min releasing H2O2 and/or hydroperoxides. Subsequently, these peroxides undergo an electrocatalytic reduction through the Fe(II/III)ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) complex at a glassy(More)
by ANA MARIA OCAMPO, Ph.D. Washington State University August 2009 Chair: Richard J. Watts Activated persulfate is an increasingly popular reagent for the in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) remediation of contaminated soils and groundwater; however most of the investigations conducted to date have been highly empirical. Results for field scale ISCO(More)
This paper presents a new hypothesis for the physiological antioxidant action of salicylate. Current theories have focused on the radical scavenging nature of salicylate. This explanation may have limitations because it is unlikely that salicylate reaches the necessary concentrations to effectively prevent damage to cell components. We propose that(More)
A new hypothesis describing the role of the redox inactive Ca2+ ion in the expression of physiological oxidative damage is described. The hypothesis is based on the optimization of the chelation characteristics of iron complexes for pro-oxidant activity. In a previous investigation it was found that an excess of ligand kinetically hindered the Fenton(More)
Four flavonoids, baicilein, luteolin, naringenin, and quercetin were investigated for their ability to suppress the Fenton reaction characteristic of the iron-ATP complex. Absorption spectroscopy indicates that under the conditions of 18.75% aqueous methanol, 0.0625 mM HEPES pH 7.4 buffer and 1.5:1 quercetin/iron-ATP ratio a mix ligand complex formed. All(More)