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Mice which are trisomic for only the human chromosome (Chr) 21-homologous segment of mouse Chr 16 (segmental trisomy), including a portion of the Down syndrome region of human Chr 21, have recently been developed. Since these segmentally trisomic mice, designated Ts(17(16))65Dn, survive to adulthood, they may represent a mouse model for the study of Down(More)
Ts65Dn mouse displays a partial triplication of chromosome 16 and is adopted as a model for Down syndrome (DS). It is known that Ts65Dn mice present memory deficiencies. In order to gain insight into the cause of these deficiencies, we studied the possibility of changes in volumes and neuronal numbers in different regions of the hippocampus (dentate gyrus,(More)
Ts65Dn (TS), control littermates (CO) and Swiss (SW) male mice were tested in the elevated plus-maze and in the Morris water maze (MWM) for memory evaluation. In the plus-maze, each mouse was placed at the end of an open arm and initial freezing and the time to enter into an enclosed arm (transfer latency) were measured. SW mice decreased both measures over(More)
Ts65Dn mice have an extra chromosome that contains a segment of chromosome 16 homologous to the Down syndrome 'critical region' of human chromosome 21. Since pain transmission and expression may be limited in people with mental disabilities, including Down syndrome, responsiveness to nociception in Ts65Dn mice was compared with that in their control(More)
Mice with segmental trisomy 16 (Ts65Dn) which have triplication of a region of mouse chromosome 16 homologous to the Down syndrome critical region in human chromosome 21, are used as a model for Down syndrome. Functioning of the central beta-noradrenergic transmission was studied in Ts65Dn mice. Binding analysis in cerebral cortex revealed no change in the(More)
Behavioral and learning disturbances have been found in mice with partial trisomy 16, a new model for Down syndrome. Basal production of cyclic AMP in the hippocampus of trisomic mice was shown to be impaired. In addition, the responses of adenylyl cyclase to the stimulation of beta-adrenoceptors with isoprenaline and of the catalytic subunit with forskolin(More)
Neonatal handling has been shown to induce a short-term reduction in the binding properties of beta-adrenoceptors and in their primary biochemical responses in the young rat brain, which may account for the reduced responsiveness to stress observed in the handled rats. We have studied the persistence and duration of these changes in cerebral cortex,(More)
Neonatal handling is known to induce long-lasting changes in behavioral and neuroendocrine responses to stress. Since the central noradrenergic system participates in the adaptive responses to stressful conditions we have analyzed the effects of postnatal handling on beta-adrenoceptor binding sites and isoprenaline- and forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP(More)
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