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BACKGROUND Mapping functional areas of the brain is important for planning tumour resections. With the increased use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for presurgical planning, there is a need to validate that fMRI activation mapping is consistent with the mapping obtained during surgery using direct electrocortical stimulation (DECS). (More)
The introduction of MRI into neurosurgery has opened multiple avenues, but also introduced new challenges. The open-configuration intraoperative MRI installed at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in 1996 has been used for more than 500 open craniotomies and beyond 100 biopsies. Furthermore the versatile applicability, employing the same principles, is(More)
The main thrust of diagnostic MR imaging is to discern normal and pathologic patient morphology and function. Intraprocedural imaging, however, serves a different goal: to furnish the surgeon or interventionalist with updates on intraoperative changes and how they may modify preintervention data. Although researchers have not established whether MR(More)
The introduction and development, over the last three decades, of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR spectroscopy technology for in vivo studies of the human brain represents a truly remarkable achievement, with enormous scientific and clinical ramifications. These effectively non-invasive techniques allow for studies of the anatomy, the function and(More)
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