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The advantageous utilization of nasal polypoid tissue as a source for human epithelial cells and the dramatic effect of extracellular matrix on growth and differentiation of these cells were demonstrated. Plating on extracellular matrix induced rapid, firm, cell attachment and flattening of the explants, promoted cell outgrowth as well as long-term survival(More)
Square wave jerks (SWJ) are saccadic eye movements which, when recorded with open eyes are considered to be a pathological sign, caused by fixation instability, and pointing to a central neurological lesion. In reviewing 429 electronystagmographic traces, 85 (20%) were found to include the pattern of SWJ. Among them, in 38 traces, SWJ have been recorded(More)
A rare case of chondrosarcoma at the skull base is presented. Computerized tomography scan was very helpful in delineating the exact extent of the tumor. Chondrosarcoma is a slow growing malignant tumor which metastasizes very late. Usually it is radioresistant, but when surgery is not feasible, irradiation treatment is worth a trial.
Patients with Hunter syndrome may have symptoms of hoarseness, stridor and breathing difficulties as a result of laryngeal and tracheal involvement. In planning their evaluation, we must prefer non-invasive methods as X-ray or CT scan, and avoid doing endotracheal intubation or bronchoscopies. Review of adult cases in the literature and description of the(More)
A case of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (Forestier's disease) causing dysphonia as the presenting and only symptom is reported. The dysphonia is attributed to the mass effect in the hypopharynx and the mild pressure on the larynx. The bony mass anterior to the vertebral body is demonstrated by CT scan for the first time in the literature on(More)
Electromyography (EMG) of the inferior pharyngeal constrictor (IC) and the cricopharyngeal (CP) muscle was recorded in 18 patients with swallowing and/or aspiration problems who were candidates for cricopharyngeal myotomy. The EMG recordings were compared to those of 13 "normal" subjects who did not suffer from such problems. Differences in EMG activity(More)