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Various cationic polyelectrolytes (poly-alpha-amino acids and histones), lectins, the chemotactic peptide, f-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), the calcium ionophore A23187, and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) were investigated regarding their capacity to induce luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LDCL) and superoxide production by human blood(More)
Various polyelectrolytes were investigated regarding their capacity to inhibit the binding of human IgG to Fc-receptors on group A streptococci, type M1. Of cationic substances, protamine and arginine-rich histone inhibited significantly, while lysine-rich histone, concanavalin A, lysozyme, polymyxin B, ribonuclease and tuftsin did not. Of anionic(More)
The plasmid-mediated Branhamella catarrhalis beta-lactamase BRO-1, also found in Moraxella nonliquefaciens, was characterized as regards substrate profile, isoelectric point and relative substrate affinity index (RSAI) to various substrates and compared in these aspects with the TEM-1 enzyme of Haemophilus influenzae. As measured by a biological assay and(More)
Sales of antibiotics have increased in Sweden during the past decade. This has been paralleled by an increase in the frequency of beta-lactamase-producing respiratory tract bacteria. To investigate the effects of regional differences in use of antibiotics on beta-lactamase production in respiratory tract bacteria, we collected nasopharyngeal specimens and(More)
A protein antigen--P-antigen--characteristic of Branhamella catarrhalis has been described. Precipitating antibodies against this antigen occur in a majority of healthy human sera; serological evidence for a pathogenic role of B. catarrhalis is accumulating. The occurrence of complement-fixing antibodies has been demonstrated during bronchopulmonary(More)
  • I Eliasson
  • Acta pathologica et microbiologica Scandinavica…
  • 1980
Precipitation patterns of sonicated, acid-extracted and other extracts from Branhamella catarrhalis were examined by double diffusion-in-gel technique, using antiserum to B. catarrhalis. Acid extract gave rise to 4 distinct precipitates. One of these lines was further studied. The bacterial component responsible for this line was trypsin-sensitive,(More)
Previous studies of acute laryngitis in adults have shown high nasopharyngeal isolation rates of B. catarrhalis and H. influenzae. Phenoxymethylpenicillin had no effect on the clinical course. In the present study, 106 patients with acute laryngitis were treated with erythromycin 0.5 g x 2 V or placebo. During the first week the isolation rate of B.(More)
Patients with acute laryngitis following an upper respiratory tract infection are often treated with antibiotics for their voice complaints, although, to our knowledge, the effect of such therapy has not been examined. In the present study, comprising 100 adults with laryngitis, the rate of resolution of vocal symptoms, as estimated from voice recordings or(More)
The plasmid-mediated beta-lactamase in Branhamella catarrhalis (BRO-1), also occurring in Moraxella nonliquefaciens, differs from other known plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases in Gram-negative bacteria regarding substrate profile and isoelectric point. B. catarrhalis strains previously reported to produce beta-lactamases deviating from BRO-1 were tested, and(More)
PURPOSE To assess the ecologic impact, in terms of selection of beta-lactamase-producing respiratory tract bacteria, of a single course of peroral beta-lactam antibiotics. PATIENTS AND METHODS One-hundred fifty consecutive children with clinical signs of bacterial respiratory tract infection were randomly assigned to a seven-day course of treatment with(More)