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Recurrent and synchronous spruce budworm (SBW) outbreaks have important impacts in boreal and sub-boreal forest ecosystems of North America. This study examines the early phase of an outbreak that was developing across a 268,000 km2 area over a period of 9 years (2003–2011). The territory was subdivided in 225 km2 cells, and the relative influence of forest(More)
A recent seroprevalence study of newborns indicates that one in 62 children born in New York City has antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The distribution of incubation periods for paediatric patients is needed to estimate future AIDS case loads from these seroprevalence data. Current estimates of incubation periods for paediatric patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Antibodies directed against citrullinated fibrinogen are highly specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was undertaken to test whether RA-associated HLA-DR alleles are associated with anti-citrullinated fibrinogen in RA patient sera and whether replacement of arginyl by citrullyl residues on fibrinogen peptides modifies their binding to(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease causing articular cartilage and bone destruction. Since irreversible joint destruction can be prevented by intervention at the early stages of disease, early diagnosis of RA is important. In this study, we identified new autoantibodies in the sera of patients with early (less(More)
Land use history has altered natural disturbance dynamics, causing widespread modifications of the earth’s forests. The aim of this study is to reconstruct a regional, spatially-explicit, fire and logging history for a large southern boreal forest landscape (6,050 km2) of eastern Canada. We then examined the long-term influence of land use history, fires,(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a table indicating the risk for developing anti citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to one's HLA-DRB1 genotype. METHODS We HLA-DRB1 genotyped 857 patients with ACPA positive RA and 2178 controls from South Eastern and Eastern France and calculated Odds Ratios (OR) for developing RA for(More)
INTRODUCTION BRAF (v raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B1) is a serine-threonine kinase involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway, known to be implicated in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.We have observed that sera from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients recognize the BRAF's catalytic domain, which(More)
Amphipathic helices, which play important roles in protein structure, occur in a wide variety of lengths. Yet existing methods employ fixed window lengths. We present a hierarchical procedure that identifies the Q most significant amphipathic helices regardless of length. Since the observed hydrophobicities are not normally distributed, test statistics(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory joint disease, is strongly associated with HLA-DRB1*01 and *04 alleles that have in common similar 5-amino acid motifs in the third hypervariable region of DRB1 (QKRAA, QRRAA, RRRAA), the so called shared epitope (SE). Most patients with RA carry 1 or 2 doses of the SE, with particular genetic combinations at(More)
In the Canadian boreal forest, conifer plantations are mainly used to overcome poor natural regeneration following harvesting or wildfires. However, competitive interactions can impair the successful establishment of forest plantations, especially in the presence of ericaceous species, such as Kalmia angustifolia, that are good competitors for soil(More)