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Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Galpha subunits, thereby attenuating signaling. RGS4 is a GTPase-activating protein for Gi and Gq class alpha subunits. In the present study, we used knockouts of Gq class genes in mice to evaluate the potency and selectivity of RGS4 in modulating Ca2+ signaling transduced by(More)
Many Gs-coupled receptors can activate both cAMP and Ca2+ signaling pathways. Three mechanisms for dual activation have been proposed. One is receptor coupling to both Gs and G15 (a Gq class heterotrimeric G protein) to initiate independent signaling cascades that elevate intracellular levels of cAMP and Ca+2, respectively. The other two mechanisms involve(More)
Galpha15 activates phospholipase Cbeta in response to the greatest variety of agonist-stimulated heptahelical receptors among the four Gq class G-protein alpha subunits expressed in mammals. Galpha15 is primarily expressed in hematopoietic cells in fetal and adult mice. We disrupted the Galpha15 gene by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells to(More)
Mice with deficiencies in one or more Gq class alpha subunit genes were used to examine the role of the alpha subunit in regulating Ca2+ signaling in pancreatic and submandibular gland cells. Western blot analysis showed that these cells express three of the four Gq class subunits, Galphaq, Galpha11, and Galpha14 but not Galpha15. Surprisingly, all(More)
G protein alpha subunits are encoded by a multigene family of 16 genes that can be grouped into four classes, Gq, Gs, Gi, and G12. The Gq class is composed of four genes in mouse and human, and two of these genes, Gna11 and Gna15, cosegregate on mouse chromosome 10. We have characterized the gene structures of murine Gna11 and Gna15. The two genes are(More)
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