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We have studied the long-term incidence of hypothyroidism in 4,473 formerly hyperthyroid patients given I-131 therapy between 1951 and 1975. The mean age at the first I-131 treatment was 56 yr. Six percent developed hypothyroidism within one year of therapy, and 72% within 26 yr. Prior antithyroid medication did not affect the incidence of hypothyroidism.(More)
Cone snails are gastropod mollusks of the genus Conus that live in tropical marine habitats. They are predators that paralyze their prey by injection of venom containing a plethora of small, conformationally constrained peptides (conotoxins). We report the identification, characterization, and structure of a gamma-carboxyglutamic acid-containing peptide,(More)
We studied the incidence of malignant thyroid tumors after 131I therapy in 2727 patients with hyperthyroidism and in 273 euthyroid patients with cardiac disease. The patients were all adults, with a mean age of 57 years. The 131I therapy was given between 1951 and 1965. The mean follow-up period was 13 years for the hyperthyroid patients (15 years for the(More)
Hydroxylation of aspartic acid to erythro-beta-aspartic acid (Hya) occurs in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like modules in numerous extracellular proteins with diverse functions. Several EGF-like modules with the consensus sequence for hydroxylation bind Ca2+, and it has therefore been suggested that the hydroxyl group is essential for Ca2+ binding. To(More)
The cure rate of hyperthyroidism after 131I therapy was analysed in 4 473 patients, aged between 14 and 91 years, treated between 1951 and 1975. Despite unchanged treatment principles, the cumulative incidence of cure increased for each 5-year period. Within the first 4 months 34 per cent of the patients with diffuse thyroid glands treated during 1951-1955(More)
A method has been developed for the rapid isolation of alpha 1-antitrypsin and other thiol proteins from plasma by an automated chromatography system. The thiol-proteins are initially bound to matrix-linked activated thiol-compounds by an SH-SS interchange reaction. The mixed disulphides are then reduced in two steps and subfractionated by passage through(More)
Protein S is a plasma glycoprotein requiring vitamin K for normal biosynthesis and functioning as a cofactor of activated protein C, a regulator of blood coagulation. Protein S contains four modules that are similar to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) precursor. Qualitative Ca2+-binding experiments have indicated that the EGF-module region of bovine(More)
The basic principles of a quantitative tomographic technique for bone mineral determination are considered. The bone mineral content could be evaluated from a single reconstruction using projection data from two different energies. Beam hardening effects and photon counting statistics are studied by computer simulation and found to be the limiting factors(More)
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