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In vitro, archaeal SRP54 binds SRP RNA in the absence of SRP19, suggesting the latter to be expendable in Archaea. Accordingly, the Haloferax volcanii SRP19 gene was deleted. Although normally transcribed at a level comparable to that of the essential SRP54 gene, SRP19 deletion had no effect on cell growth, membrane protein insertion, protein secretion, or(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are the sole passage through the nuclear envelope, connecting the cytoplasm to the nucleoplasm. These gigantic molecular machines, over 100 MDa in molecular weight, allow free diffusion of small molecules and ions while mediating selective energy-dependent nucleocytoplasmic transport of large macromolecules. Here, we applied(More)
Flavocytochrome b558 (Cyt b) is important in generating superoxide and other toxic oxygen species involved in inflammation and host defense. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) 48 and 449 bind the gp91Phox and p22phox subunits of Cyt b, respectively, and have been used to characterize this enzyme complex. Until now, data were unavailable to predict which regions(More)
MOTIVATION A large fraction of open reading frames (ORFs) identified as 'hypothetical' proteins correspond to either 'conserved hypothetical' proteins, representing sequences homologous to ORFs of unknown function from other organisms, or to hypothetical proteins lacking any significant sequence similarity to other ORFs in the databases. Elucidating the(More)
Across evolution, type I signal peptidases are responsible for the cleavage of secretory signal peptides from proteins following their translocation across membranes. In Archaea, type I signal peptidases combine domain-specific features with traits found in either their eukaryal or bacterial counterparts. Eukaryal and bacterial type I signal peptidases(More)
Visualization of cellular processes at a resolution of the individual protein should involve integrative and complementary approaches that can eventually draw realistic functional and cellular landscapes. Electron tomography of vitrified but otherwise unaltered cells emerges as a central method for three-dimensional reconstruction of cellular architecture(More)
Lamins are the major components of the nuclear lamina, a filamentous layer underlying the inner nuclear membrane and attached to the peripheral chromatin. Lamins are required for maintaining nuclear shape and are involved in most nuclear activities. Here, we studied the 3D organization of the nuclear lamina formed upon the expression of Caenorhabditis(More)
Cryo-electron tomography enables three-dimensional insights into the macromolecular architecture of cells in a close-to-life state. However, it is limited to thin specimens, <1.0 μm in thickness, typically restricted to the peripheral areas of intact eukaryotic cells. Analysis of tissue ultrastructure, on the other hand, requires physical sectioning(More)
OBJECTIVE To test functional improvement after a group cognitive-functional occupational therapy intervention for preschoolers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD Seventeen preschooler-parent dyads attended 11 weekly group sessions focused on acquiring executive strategies through occupational performance. Functional improvement(More)
Platelets are essential for hemostasis and wound healing. They are involved in fundamental processes of vascular biology such as angiogenesis, tissue regeneration, and tumor metastasis. Upon activation, platelets shed small plasma membrane vesicles termed platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs). PMPs include functional cell adhesion machinery that comprises(More)