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In the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the amphibian Xenopus laevis the level of mRNA encoding proopiomelanocortin (POMC), the precursor protein for alpha-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), is shown to be dependent on physiological parameters. POMC mRNA levels in the pars intermedia of black-background-adapted Xenopus are much higher(More)
Release of alpha-MSH from the pars intermedia melanotrope cells of Xenopus laevis is regulated by various classical neurotransmitters and neuropeptides. We have examined the effect of two of these regulatory substances, the neurotransmitter GABA and the CRF-related peptide sauvagine, on the adenylate cyclase system of the melanotrope cells. Sauvagine(More)
During the first hour following adrenalectomy the alpha-MPT-induced disappearance of dopamine was increased in the arcuate nucleus compared to that in sham-operated rats. In a number of other brain regions of both adrenalectomized and sham-adrenalectomized rats only stress-induced changes were observed in catecholamine utilization. These data suggest that(More)
The potential involvement of the sympathoadrenal system in stress-induced secretion of peptides from the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland and the activation of the pituitary-adrenal axis was studied. Male Wistar rats were subjected to control procedures, to sympathectomy by chronic administration (8 weeks) of guanethidine and/or to medullectomy by(More)
1. Peptide release from the neurointermediate lobe of Xenopus laevis has been studied using dual pulse-chase incubation, superfusion and HPLC techniques. 2. Lobes release pulse-labelled material in two phases, the first phase lasting about 6 hr, the second persisting up to 14 hr. 3. In both phases similar, POMC-derived peptides are released. Their release(More)
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