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Circumstantial evidence suggests that intracellular membrane trafficking pathways diversified independently in the plant kingdom, but documented examples are rare. ARF-GEFs (guanine-nucleotide exchange factors for ADP-ribosylation factor GTPases) are essential for vesicular trafficking in all eukaryotic kingdoms, but of the eight ARF-GEF families, only the(More)
A beta-glucoside encoded by a cloned Zea mays complementary DNA (Zm-p60.1) cleaved the biologically inactive hormone conjugates cytokinin-O-glucosides and kinetin-N3-glucoside, releasing active cytokinin. Tobacco protoplasts that transiently expressed Zm-p60.1 could use the inactive cytokinin glucosides to initiate cell division. The ability of protoplasts(More)
The organisation of growth and development in vascular plants appears to be highly adapted to meet the specific demands of a sessile, autotrophic habit. Many of the characteristic features of plant development are associated with the activities of five groups of phytohormones. Each of the phytohormones has the ability to influence fundamentally a remarkable(More)
Influenza A viruses pose a major public health threat by causing seasonal epidemics and sporadic pandemics. Their epidemiological success relies on airborne transmission from person to person; however, the viral properties governing airborne transmission of influenza A viruses are complex. Influenza A virus infection is mediated via binding of the viral(More)
Mass measurements in the vicinity of the rp-process and the νp-process paths with JYFLTRAP and SHIPTRAP The masses of very neutron-deficient nuclides close to the astrophysical rp-and νp-process paths have been determined with the Penning trap facilities JYFLTRAP at JYFL/Jyväskylä and SHIP-TRAP at GSI/Darmstadt. Isotopes from yttrium (Z = 39) to palladium(More)
The Penning trap mass spectrometer JYFLTRAP was used to measure the atomic masses of radioactive nuclei with an uncertainty better than 10 keV. The atomic masses of the neutron-deficient nuclei around the N = Z line were measured to improve the understanding of the rp-process path and the SbSnTe cycle. Furthermore, the masses of the neutron-rich gallium (Z(More)
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