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BACKGROUND Identification of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) has decreased the rates of permanent RLN palsy during thyroid operations; however, unexpected RLN palsy still occurs, even though the visual integrity was assured and most nerve injuries were not recognized intraoperatively. The aim of this study is to determine the causes of RLN palsy and to(More)
BACKGROUND Infraclavicular brachial plexus block has been widely used for surgical procedures below the mid humerus owing to its excellent anesthetic quality and ease of practice. However, what is the optimal upper arm position for carrying out the procedure still lacks consensus of opinion. The primary goal of this study was to determine the optimal upper(More)
Malpositioning of the endotracheal surface electrodes can result in dysfunction of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) and increase the risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the optimal depth of the nerve integrity monitor (NIM) EMG endotracheal tube. We enrolled 105 adult patients undergoing elective(More)
Although epidural anesthesia is a common practice in neuraxial blockade, difficult access to the epidural space is a frequent problem in operating theaters. We designed this study of epidural blocks to determine if the spinal landmark grading system is valuable in predicting a difficult epidural block. Before the epidural block, we collected the following(More)
Failure or difficulty in intubating the trachea can be either due to inability to visualize the glottis or some pathology at the level of or below the cords. This report describes a case of difficult intubation suspected of being related to neck scarring from previous surgery. Computed tomography (CT) was used to evaluate the patient's airway and revealed(More)
We report the perioperative airway management in a 12-year-old boy suffering from Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) and severe mental retardation who was scheduled for elective dental treatment under general anesthesia. TSC is also known as mandibulofacial dysostosis or Franceschetti syndrome, usually with a potentially difficult airway presentation. It is a(More)
BACKGROUND Surface anatomic landmarks have traditionally been used to locate the brachial plexus in the interscalene groove. Head rotation can affect the orientation of neck vessels and may possibly affect the brachial plexus. The optimal degree of head rotation has been specified for better internal jugular vein cannulation but not for interscalene(More)
Ignition of the tracheal tube during laser microlaryngeal surgery under general anesthesia is an uncommon complication with potentially serious consequences. We present here a case of a patient with glottic stenosis following endotracheal intubation, who experienced this potentially catastrophic combustion during endoscopic arytenoidectomy, using a diode(More)
BACKGROUND A combination of antiemetic drugs could be an effective method to prevent severe postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Therefore, we examined the prophylactic effect of haloperidol plus ondansetron on PONV. METHODS We enrolled 210 patients (n = 70 in each of 3 groups) undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for this randomized(More)
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is essential in some surgical situations. The use of double- lumen tubes (DLTs) can achieve OLV more quickly and more easily than bronchial blockers. The management of a difficult airway is a challenge for anesthesiologists when, at the same time, OLV is needed for a surgical procedure. This report describes the successful(More)