I Catalaa

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To quantitate the extent of neuronal cell loss in MS via the whole brain's N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration (WBNAA). METHODS Because NAA is assumed to be present only in neuronal cell bodies and their axons, we measured WBNAA as a marker for viable neurons in 12 patients (9 women and 3 men, 26 to 53 years of age) suffering from(More)
We report a case of Lyme myelitis in a 31-year-old man, presenting with a conus medullaris syndrome. MRI demonstrated contrast enhancement on the pial surface of the lower thoracic cord and conus medullaris. Elevated blood immunoglobulins and IgM antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were found. Leptomeningitis may be the(More)
The intra-individual and inter-individual variations of the global N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration were measured in a cohort of five 42+/-5 year-old normal females. The total NAA signal from the whole head was obtained with non-localized non-echo proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and converted into absolute mole amounts using phantom replacement. Since NAA(More)
We report an atypical case of cerebral toxoplasmosis (CT) in a 70-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a single ring-enhancing lesion in the pons with perifocal oedema and mass effect. Toxoplasma encephalitis was suggested by means of diffusion weighted imaging, MR perfusion and MR spectroscopy,(More)
We report the case of a patient with bilateral and symmetrical T2 hyperintensities of the middle cerebellar peduncles. She had a history of left pontine infarction 8 months before. This was attributed to bilateral Wallerian degeneration. MR Spectroscopy showed decreased N-acetyl aspartate/Creatine (NAA/Cr) ratio in the cerebellar peduncles as well as in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory disease of the central nervous system and manifests both physical and neurocognitive disabilities. Although predominantly a disease of the white matter, MS is also characterized by lesions in the gray matter. Previous pathologic studies have found that cortical and deep gray(More)
PURPOSE To investigate and characterize the global distribution of magnetization transfer (MT) ratio values of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and test the hypothesis that the MT histogram for NAWM reflects disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Conventional and MT magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patterns of DWI findings that predict recurrent ischemic events after TIA are well-established, but similar assessments of intracranial MRA findings are not available. We sought to determine the imaging characteristics of MRA that are predictive of early recurrent stroke/TIA in patients with TIA. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Moyamoya disease is rare among non-Asian populations and its clinical features are ill-defined. We report 12 new cases of Moyamoya disease in French, non-Asian adults. METHODS We identified adults with Moyamoya disease managed at a French University Hospital from 1998 through 2006. We reviewed baseline clinical and radiological data(More)
The authors report a case of an X-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) in a young adult presenting with hemianopsia. Adult onset cerebral ALD is rare and represents only 3% of cases of ALD. The observation describes clinical data, as well as conventional and spectroscopic MR imaging and related value in prognosis evaluation.