I. C. da Cunha Lima

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Atmospheric aerosol deposition is an important source of nutrients and trace metals to the open ocean that can enhance ocean productivity and carbon sequestration and thus influence atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and climate. Using aerosol samples from different back trajectories in incubation experiments with natural communities, we demonstrate(More)
Global climate change is predicted to alter the ocean’s biological productivity. But how will we recognise the impacts of climate change on ocean productivity? The most comprehensive information available on its global distribution comes from satellite ocean colour data. Now that over ten years of satellite-derived chlorophyll and productivity data have(More)
Fossil fuel combustion and agriculture result in atmospheric deposition of 0.8 Tmol/yr reactive sulfur and 2.7 Tmol/yr nitrogen to the coastal and open ocean near major source regions in North America, Europe, and South and East Asia. Atmospheric inputs of dissociation products of strong acids (HNO(3) and H2SO(4)) and bases (NH(3)) alter surface seawater(More)
Marjorie A.M. Friedrichs ⁎, Mary-Elena Carr , Richard T. Barber , Michele Scardi , David Antoine , Robert A. Armstrong , Ichio Asanuma , Michael J. Behrenfeld , Erik T. Buitenhuis , Fei Chai , James R. Christian , Aurea M. Ciotti , Scott C. Doney, Mark Dowell , John Dunne , Bernard Gentili , Watson Gregg , Nicolas Hoepffner , Joji Ishizaka , Takahiko Kameda(More)
The need to understand the effects of anthropogenic perturbations on ocean biology has renewed interest in ecosystem and biogeochemical models in recent years. We develop a nonlinear time series approach to quantify the effects of different types of noise on ecosystem dynamics. Different types of noise can alter the local predictability of the system,(More)
Organisms are projected to face unprecedented rates of change in future ocean conditions due to anthropogenic climate-change. At present, marine life encounters a wide range of environmental heterogeneity from natural fluctuations to mean climate change. Manipulation studies suggest that biota from more variable marine environments have more phenotypic(More)
A three dimensional, time-evolving field of atmospheric potential oxygen (APO ∼O2/N2+CO2) was estimated using surface O2, N2 and CO2 fluxes from the WHOI ocean ecosystem model to force the MATCH atmospheric transport model. Land and fossil carbon fluxes were also run in MATCH and translated into O2 tracers using assumed O2:CO2 stoichiometries. The modeled(More)
Current global inventories of ammonia emissions identify the ocean as the largest natural source. This source depends on seawater pH, temperature, and the concentration of total seawater ammonia (NHx(sw)), which reflects a balance between remineralization of organic matter, uptake by plankton, and nitrification. Here we compare [NHx(sw)] from two global(More)
Possible future changes of ambient shipping noise at 0.1-1 kHz in the North Pacific caused by changing seawater chemistry conditions are analyzed with a simplified propagation model. Probable decreases of pH would cause meaningful reduction of the sound absorption coefficient in near-surface ocean water for these frequencies. The results show that a few(More)