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The objectives of the present study were to examine the effect of a milk fat-depressing (MFD) diet on: 1) the activity of mammary acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS), 2) ACC mRNA relative abundance and 3) distributions of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and trans-18:1 fatty acids (tFA) in milk fat. Twelve lactating Holstein cows were(More)
Forty Holstein heifer calves were assigned to two treatments. Control calves (n = 20) were fed milk replacer in open buckets, and calves that were allowed to suckle (n = 20) were paired and suckled the same dam three times daily. Treatments were conducted during the first 6 wk following birth; thereafter, all calves received the same management, and weaning(More)
We partitioned the flow of amino acids (AA) to the abomasum among rumen undegradable protein (RUP) and bacterial, protozoal, and endogenous fractions using four Holstein cows in midlactation that were equipped with ruminal and abomasal cannulas. A 2 x 2 factorial design with four diets, combinations of high or low ruminally degradable organic matter, and(More)
Forty Israeli-Holstein 5-d-old calves were used to determine the effect of increasing calf body weight (BW) and skeletal size during the nursing period on age and skeletal size at puberty and on skeletal size and performance during first lactation. The calves were randomly allotted to 2 experimental groups as follows: milk replacer (MR) [calves were given(More)
Four Holstein cows in midlactation were equipped with ruminal and abomasal cannulas and used to study the effect of synchronized degradation of crude protein (CP) and organic matter (OM) and feeding frequency on digestion and outflow of nutrients. A 4 x 4 Latin square design was used. Diets were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial design; the four diets contained(More)
Insulin and glucose may be limiting factors for ovarian function in dairy cows genetically selected for high milk yield. The effects of nutrition on the intrafollicular content of insulin and glucose were investigated in Israeli Holstein dairy cattle fed a basic total mixed ration and producing 34-39kg of milk daily. In experiment 1, carried out in 11(More)
Groups of 9 or 10 cows were assigned to one of three treatments 1) machine-milking three times daily, 2) machine-milking six times daily, and 3) suckling three times daily in addition to machine- milking three times daily. Treatments were conducted during the first 6 wk postpartum; thereafter, all cows were milked three times daily. During treatment, milk(More)
Fifteen Holstein heifers that were 175 +/- 4.0 d old and at BW of 175 +/- 4.9 kg were used to determine the effect of three feeding regimens from 6 to 12 mo of age on growth, blood concentration of several hormones, and milk production during first lactation. The feeding regimens consisted of two periods, the first lasting for 4 mo and the other for the(More)
The effect of corn extrusion and feeding frequency on ruminal and postruminal digestibility and milk yield was studied in cows fed a high concentrate diet. Four Israeli Holstein cows fitted with rumen and abomasal cannulas were used. The experiment was arranged as a 2 x 2 factorial design, with two diets and two feeding frequencies (two or four meals per(More)
1. Four mature Friesian cows were used. For 2 weeks after calving they were fed 3 kg hay (147 g crude protein (nitrogen X 6.25; CP)/kg dry matter (DM) plus 9 kg concentrates (177 g CP/kg DM) per d and thereafter 4 kg hay plus 12 kg concentrates/d. 2. At approximately the 2nd, 4th and 9th weeks post-partum each cow was given a single intravenous dose of(More)