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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have investigated the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in Wallenberg's syndrome (WS) that are due to lateral medullary infarction (LMI). METHODS Twenty patients with WS were evaluated by means of clinical and electrophysiological methods that measured the oropharyngeal phase of voluntarily initiated swallowing. For(More)
We report the case of a 25-year-old female patient with intractable complex partial seizures characterized by repetition of certain religious statements and a rather compulsive kissing behavior. Presurgical evaluation revealed a right-sided, mesial temporal focus and hippocampal sclerosis on MRI. After selective amygdalohippocampectomy, she has only(More)
The electrophysiological features of voluntarily induced and reflexive/spontaneous swallows were investigated. In normal subjects, swallows were elicited by infusing water either into the mouth (1-3 ml) or directly into the oropharyngeal region through a nasopharyngeal cannula (0.3-1 ml). For water infused orally, subjects were either requested to swallow(More)
Middle latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEPs) were studied in 30 definite multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in addition to brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs). BAEP abnormalities were detected in 18 (60%) patients. MLAEPs were abnormal in 22 (73%) of them. In 15 patients BAEPs and MLAEPs were both abnormal. MLAEPs were found abnormal in 7 of(More)
We investigated the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Forty-three patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were examined by clinical and electrophysiological methods that objectively measured the oropharyngeal phase of voluntarily initiated swallowing, and these results were compared with those obtained(More)
UNLABELLED Swallowing is a complex motor event that is difficult to investigate in man by neurophysiological experiments. For this reason, the characteristics of the brain stem pathways have been studied in experimental animals. However, the sequential and orderly activation of the swallowing muscles with the monitoring of the laryngeal excursion can be(More)
The effect of three different temperature ranges on the triggering of voluntary-induced swallowing and on the duration of the pharyngeal phase of oropharyngeal swallowing was studied electrophysiologically. The relationship between volume and temperature of liquids swallowed was also explored. This study included 40 nondisabled volunteers (23 male and 17(More)
This article describes a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method used to measure laryngeal movements and related submental EMG activity during swallowing. The mechanical upward and downward movements of the larynx were detected using a piezoelectric sensor while the submental integrated EMG (SM-EMG) was recorded. Measurements were performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Swallowing mechanisms and neurogenic dysphagia have not been systematically studied by the EMG technique. It is desirable to evaluate neurogenic dysphagia for diagnostic and possibly for therapeutic purposes using electrophysiological methods. METHODS The following methods were described: mechanical upward/downward movements of the larynx were(More)
OBJECTIVE Before the advanced evaluation of deglutition and selection of a treatment method, objective screening methods are necessary for patients with dysphagia. In this study a new electroclinical test was established to evaluate patients with dysphagia. METHODS This test is based on determining piecemeal deglutition; which is a physiological(More)