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Stress reduces gastric blood flow and produces acute gastric mucosal lesions. We studied the role of angiotensin II in gastric blood flow and gastric ulceration during stress. Spontaneously hypertensive rats were pretreated for 14 days with the AT1 receptor antagonist candesartan before cold-restraint stress. AT1 receptors were localized in the endothelium(More)
Angiotensin II, which stimulates AT(1) receptors, is a brain and peripheral stress hormone. We pretreated rats with the AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan for 13 d via sc-implanted osmotic minipumps, followed by 24-h isolation in individual metabolic cages. We measured angiotensin II receptor-type binding and mRNAs and tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA by(More)
Long-term pretreatment with an angiotensin II AT1 antagonist blocks angiotensin II effects in brain and peripheral organs and abolishes the sympathoadrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal responses to isolation stress. We determined whether AT1 receptors were also important for the stress response of higher regulatory centers. We studied angiotensin II(More)
This study examined whether serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene knockout influences adrenomedullary, sympathoneural, or hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal responses to acute immobilization. In conscious, cannulated mice, arterial plasma concentrations of catecholamines, ACTH, and corticosterone were measured at baseline and after 15 min of immobilization. Tissue(More)
We studied renal AT1 and AT2 receptors in male, female, ovariectomized and ovariectomized-estrogen-treated Wistar-Hanover and Wistar-Kyoto rats. AT1 receptors and AT1A receptor mRNA predominated, with no significant differences between males and females. AT2 receptor expression was restricted in female rats to the capsule, the transition zone between outer(More)
Peripheral and brain angiotensin II AT(1) receptor blockade decreases high blood pressure, stress, and neuronal injury. To clarify the effects of long-term brain Ang II receptor blockade, the AT(1) blocker, candesartan, was orally administered to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) for 40 days, followed by intraventricular injection of 25 ng of Ang II.(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) AT(1) receptors are involved in the regulation of the stress response. In adult male rats, acute restraint increased AT(1A) mRNA in paraventricular nucleus. Repeated restraint increased AT(1A) mRNA and AT(1) binding in paraventricular nucleus and AT(1) binding in subfornical organ and median eminence. AT(1B) and AT(2) receptors were(More)
Sustained pretreatment with angiotensin II AT(1) receptor antagonists prevents the sympathoadrenal and hormonal responses to 24 h isolation stress. To elucidate the mechanism of the anti-stress effects of AT(1) receptor antagonism, we examined the effect of subcutaneous infusion of candesartan, a non-competitive AT(1) receptor antagonist, 0.5 mg/kg/day for(More)
Dopamine, which is synthesized in the kidney, independent of renal nerves, plays an important role in the regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance and systemic blood pressure. Lack of any of the five dopamine receptor subtypes (D1R, D2R, D3R, D4R, and D5R) results in hypertension. D1R, D2R, and D5R have been reported to be important in the maintenance of(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats, a stress-sensitive strain, were pretreated orally for 14 days with the AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan before submission to 2 h of cold-restraint stress. In non-treated rats, stress decreased AT(1) receptor binding in the median eminence and basolateral amygdala, increased AT(2) receptor binding in the medial(More)