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Morphological changes were observed in the left ventricle of rat heart tissue from animals flown on the Cosmos 1887 biosatellite for 12.5 days. These tissues were compared to the synchronous and vivarium control hearts. While many normal myofibrils were observed, others exhibited ultrastructural alterations, i.e., damaged and irregular-shaped mitochondria(More)
Nine healthy test subjects, aged 25 to 44 years, were exposed to bed rest (at -5 degrees) for 120 days. Venous blood and 24-hour urine samples were used to measure Na, K, total and ionized Ca, Mg, total protein, protein fractions, creatinine, urea, uric acid, malate, isocitric and lactate dehydrogenases, aspartate and alanine aminotransferases, and creatine(More)
The activity of the sympathetic adrenal system in cosmonauts exposed to a stay in space lasting for about half a year has so far been studied only by measuring catecholamine levels in plasma and urine samples taken before space flight and after landing. The device "Plasma 01", specially designed for collecting and processing venous blood from subjects(More)
An important increase of plasma hormone levels like insulin, TSH and aldosterone was observed in human subjects after space flights, however in the changes of plasma content of ACTH, cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline the individual variations were observed in relation to number and duration of space flight. For evaluation of the effects of these(More)
The changes of hormones in plasma involved in the body fluid regulation were studied in human subjects during and after space flights in relation to redistribution of body fluids in the state of weightlessness. Since hypokinesia was used as a model for simulation of some effects of the stay in microgravity the plasma hormone levels in rats exposed to(More)
Concentrations of the products of peroxide oxidation of lipids (POL), indices of the system of antioxidant defence (SAD), and the activity of 13 diagnostically significant organic/tissue specific enzymes (DSE) were determined in blood serum of cosmonauts who had participated in short (5-9 days, n = 8), long (125-179 days, N = 15), and superlong (241-366(More)
Healthy male volunteers (n = 5) aged 27–42 years participated in experimental studies (7-day immersion) designed to simulate the effects of microgravity. To study the metabolic changes caused by decreased weight bearing on the musculoskeletal system and a change in the position of the body relative to the gravity vector, a 15-min load test before and after(More)
In the course of 370-day antiorthostatic (-5 degrees) hypokinesia in which 9 test subjects participated the following changes in serum enzymes associated with energy metabolism inhibition were recorded: decreases of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) at the expense of its MM-isoform, isocitrate and glutamate dehydrogenases as well as increases of alanine and(More)
The Cosmos 1887 biosatellite carried 10 male rats and 2 rhesus monkeys on its 12.5-day mission. Upon re-entry the Vostok vehicle overshot the designated landing site, which resulted in fasting of the animals for 42 h, exposure to cage temperatures of 12-15 degrees C, and 2 days delay in death of the rats. No overt untoward effects of the delayed recovery(More)