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A new micropore membrane assay for leukocyte migration has been devised. It permits the complete retrieval in monodisperse suspension of functionally intact cells that have traversed the membrane, thus allowing the application of precise, automated techniques, including flow cytometry and electronic particle counting. Hemocytometers may also be used. Direct(More)
This study was undertaken to clarify whether active locomotion of cancer cells is important for their ability to invade. The most rapidly moving cells were isolated from a cultured murine parent fibrosarcoma by successive cycles of migration through a micropore membrane. Cells were isolated by unstimulated locomotion and by haptotaxis to laminin, and the(More)
There are much greater numbers of cell surface terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactorpyranosyl groups in highly malignant (metastatic) cells than are found in low malignant cells derived from the same murine fibrosarcoma. We have examined the contribution of these residues to attachment of the cells to various collagens and to plastic. Removal of these(More)
Proliferation and motility are crucial prerequisites for tumor-cell invasion in vivo. While proliferation can be assessed in situ by a variety of methods, the measurement of motility is largely restricted to in vitro models. In previous studies, computer simulations of tumor growth strongly indicated that a close relationship exists between tumor-cell(More)
Indications from previous work that cancer cell-surface laminin-like molecules and alpha-D-galactopyranosyl end-groups may contribute to spontaneous metastasis were further investigated. Both moieties are known to mediate cell attachment to various foreign surfaces. Five strongly metastatic and 5 weakly metastatic cell clones from a murine fibrosarcoma were(More)
Consistent differences in expression of specific proteins were observed between numerous cancer cell clones with high and low potential for spontaneous metastasis. Seventeen clones from two unrelated murine fibrosarcomas were examined concomitantly for spontaneous formation of lung metastases and for occurrence of individual polypeptide differences by high(More)
Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) with food items applied in capsules was performed in a prospective study of 17 selected patients and 34 age- and sex-matched healthy controls in the interdisciplinary clinical setting. Protein immunoblotting showed no differences in antigenicity between foods in the capsules and the corresponding fresh(More)
No previous studies on the possible contribution of cancer-cell procoagulants to metastasis have fulfilled all the criteria for attaining biologically relevant and readily interpretable data (Grimstad et al., 1986), viz: (1) Spontaneous metastasis from primary tumors should be assessed in syngeneic animals; (2) cloned cell lines should be used to correlate(More)
The growth patterns, including the size, shape and regional preferences, of lung metastases from five murine fibrosarcoma cell clones were studied. Spontaneous metastases developed from tumours formed by subcutaneous inoculation of the cell clones. Lung colonies (experimental metastases) were established by i.v. injection of cells. The numbers of both(More)