Iñigo Ruíz de Azúa

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To investigate changes in muscarinic receptor-stimulated phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) activity during brain development, we examined the functional coupling of each of the three major protein components of the phosphoinositide system (M1, M3, and M5 muscarinic receptor subtypes; Gq/11 proteins; PLC-beta1-4 isoforms) in membrane preparations from(More)
Stimulation of phospholipase Cbeta by receptor agonists and G proteins has been characterized in crude cerebral membrane preparations, but little is known about their presynaptic localizations and little information is currently available for human brain tissue. The characteristics of phosphoplipase C transmembrane signaling were studied in crude and(More)
Agonist- and guanine-nucleotide-stimulated phospholipase C-beta (PLC) activity was characterized in crude plasma membrane preparations from cerebral cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum of Ts65Dn mice, a model for Down syndrome, and their control littermates. The levels of expression of PLC-beta((1-4)) isoforms and G-protein alpha(q/11) subunits were also(More)
Impaired function of pancreatic β-cells is one of the hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. β-cell function is regulated by the activity of many hormones and neurotransmitters, which bind to specific cell surface receptors. The M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) belongs to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors and, following ligand dependent(More)
The phosphoinositide signal transduction system, and particularly, phospholipase Cbeta isozymes, are relevant in the etiopathogeny of human neuropsychiatric pathologies such as depression. Stimulation of phospholipase Cbeta activity by muscarinic receptors and G proteins was determined in crude and synaptosomal membrane preparations from nine postmortem(More)
The endocannabinoid (eCB) system possesses neuromodulatory functions by influencing the release of various neurotransmitters, including γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate. A functional interaction between eCBs and the serotonergic system has already been suggested. Previously, we showed that cannabinoid type-1 (CB1) receptor mRNA and protein are(More)
The levels of expression of G-protein alpha(q/11) (Galpha(q/11)) subunits and PLC-beta(1-4), -gamma, and -delta(1) isoforms were quantified by Western blot analysis in order to establish their contribution to the patterns of PLC functioning reported here. Quantitative measurements of the levels of Galpha(q/11) subunits in each region were obtained by(More)
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