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In this study we have used the transcription assay with 5'-fluorouridine incorporation into nascent RNA to analyze the nuclear organization and dynamics of transcription sites in rat trigeminal ganglia neurons. The 5'-FU administrated by i.p. injection was successfully incorporated into nuclear domains containing actively transcribing genes of trigeminal(More)
Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear organelles involved in the maturation of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins required for the processing of pre-mRNAs. They concentrate coilin, splicing factors and the survival of motor neuron protein (SMN). By using immunocytochemistry and transfection experiments with GFP-SUMO-1, DsRed1-Ubc9, GFP-coilin and GFP-SMN constructs(More)
Neurons are very sensitive to DNA damage induced by endogenous and exogenous genotoxic agents, as defective DNA repair can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders, brain tumors and neurodegenerative diseases with severe clinical manifestations. Understanding the impact of DNA damage/repair mechanisms on the nuclear organization, particularly on the regulation(More)
Bortezomib is a reversible proteasome inhibitor used as an anticancer drug. However, its clinical use is limited since it causes peripheral neurotoxicity. We have used Sprague–Dawley rats as an animal model to investigate the cellular mechanisms affected by both short-term and chronic bortezomib treatments in sensory ganglia neurons. Proteasome inhibition(More)
In 1906, the Spanish neurobiologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in recognition of his work on the structure of neurons and their connections. Cajal is commonly regarded as the father of modern neuroscience. What is less well known is that Cajal also had a great interest in intracellular neuronal structures(More)
TDP-43 is a RNA/DNA-binding protein structurally related to nuclear hnRNP proteins. Previous biochemical studies have shown that this nuclear protein plays a role in the regulation of gene transcription, alternative splicing and mRNA stability. Despite the ubiquitous distribution of TDP-43, the growing list of TDP-43 proteinopathies is primarily associated(More)
Nuclear speckles are essential nuclear compartments involved in the assembly, delivery and recycling of pre-mRNA processing factors, and in the post-transcriptional processing of pre-mRNAs. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is caused by a small expansion of the polyalanine tract in the poly(A)-binding protein nuclear 1 (PABPN1). Aggregation of(More)
The Purkinje cell (PC) degeneration (pcd) phenotype results from mutation in nna1 gene and is associated with the degeneration and death of PCs during the postnatal life. Although the pcd mutation is a model of the ataxic mouse, it shares clinical and pathological characteristics of inherited human spinocerebellar ataxias. PC degeneration in pcd mice(More)
The ubiquitin-dependent proteasome system (UPS) is the major pathway responsible for selective nuclear and cytoplasmic protein degradation. Bortezomib, a boronic acid dipeptide, is a reversible 20S proteasome inhibitor used as novel anticancer drug, particularly in the treatment of multiple myeloma and certain lymphomas. Bortezomib-induced peripheral(More)
This paper studies the cell size-dependent organization of the nucleolus and Cajal bodies (CBs) in dissociated human dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons from autopsy tissue samples of patients without neurological disease. The quantitative analysis of nucleoli with an anti-fibrillarin antibody showed that all neurons have only one nucleolus. However, the(More)