Hyunyoung Jeong

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Human pregnancy is known to influence hepatic drug metabolism in a cytochrome (P450)-specific manner. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown, in part due to a lack of experimental models to study altered drug metabolism during pregnancy. In this study, we examined how pregnancy influences expression of major P450 isoforms in mice. Liver tissues(More)
M ycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has become the single most used immunosuppressant in solid-organ transplantation. Despite a well-documented relationship and efficacy (in terms of acute rejection prophylaxis) and exposure to mycophenolic acids (MPA) as measured by area under the curve (AUC), excellent results have been achieved using a fixed-dosage regimen. In(More)
Pregnancy alters the rate and extent of drug metabolism, but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. We have found that 17β-estradiol (E2) upregulates expression of the major drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2B6 in primary human hepatocytes. Results from promoter reporter assays in HepG2 cells revealed that E2 activates constitutive androstane(More)
Results from clinical studies suggest that pregnancy alters hepatic drug metabolism in a cytochrome P450 (P450) isoform-specific manner, and rising concentrations of female hormones are potentially responsible for the changes. The objective of this study was to comprehensively characterize the effects of estrogen and progesterone on the expression and(More)
Oral clearance of lamotrigine, an antiepileptic drug commonly used in pregnant women, is increased in pregnancy by unknown mechanisms. In this study, we show that 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) up-regulates expression of UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A4, the major enzyme responsible for elimination of lamotrigine. Endogenous mRNA expression levels of UGT1A4(More)
Substrates of a major drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2D6 display increased elimination during pregnancy, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown in part due to a lack of experimental models. Here, we introduce CYP2D6-humanized (Tg-CYP2D6) mice as an animal model where hepatic CYP2D6 expression is increased during pregnancy. In the mouse livers, expression of(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6), a major drug-metabolizing enzyme, is responsible for metabolism of approximately 25% of marketed drugs. Clinical evidence indicates that metabolism of CYP2D6 substrates is increased during pregnancy, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To identify transcription factors potentially responsible for CYP2D6 induction(More)
Cholestasis activates bile acid receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and subsequently enhances hepatic expression of small heterodimer partner (SHP). We previously demonstrated that SHP represses the transactivation of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) promoter by hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 4α. In this study, we investigated the effects of estrogen-induced(More)
We have recently reported that transactivation of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 promoter by hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 4α is enhanced during pregnancy, and this is triggered in part by altered expression of small heterodimer partner (SHP) and Krüppel-like factor 9 (KLF9). The objective of this study is to determine whether this is conserved for mouse(More)
Noscapine is an antitussive and potential anticancer drug. Clinically significant interactions between warfarin and noscapine have been previously reported. In this study, to provide a basis for warfarin dosage adjustment, the inhibition kinetics of noscapine against warfarin metabolism was characterized. Our enzyme kinetics data obtained from human liver(More)