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Intestinal calcium absorption declines with aging as a result of decreased renal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] biosynthesis. At least part of the decline in 1,25-(OH)2D3 may be due to acquired resistance to parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulation of renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D1-hydroxylase (1-OHase) activity. To test whether aging rats can increase(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a major activator of renal proximal tubule 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1-hydroxylase (1-OHase). Chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) inhibits 1-OHase and reduces circulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] levels in rats fed a low-Ca diet (LCD, 0.002% Ca). To examine the cellular mechanism whereby CMA inhibits 1-OHase,(More)
PTH stimulates mammalian renal proximal tubule cell synthesis and secretion of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] by a Ca-dependent process. In the present study regulation of 1,25-(OH)2D3 secretion by PTH, phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, the Ca ionophore A23187, and calcitonin was evaluated in perifused rat proximal tubule cells(More)
Transient cartilage and a mineralizing microenvironment play pivotal roles in mesenchymal cell ossification during bone formation. In order to recreate these microenvironmental cues, C3H10T1/2 murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were exposed to chondrocyte-conditioned medium (CM) and seeded onto three-dimensional mineralized scaffolds for bone(More)
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