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Newly experienced events are often remembered together with how rewarding the experiences are personally. Although the hippocampus is a candidate structure where subjective values are integrated with other elements of episodic memory, it is uncertain whether and how the hippocampus processes value-related information. We examined how activity of dorsal CA1(More)
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) plays a critical role in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis and promotes fat mobilization in white adipose tissue. However, regulation of SIRT1 during adipogenesis, particularly through microRNAs, remains unclear. We observed that miR-146b expression was markedly increased during adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells. Differentiation of(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are a major class of axon growth inhibitors that are up-regulated after spinal cord injury (SCI) and contribute to regenerative failure. Chondroitinase ABC (chABC) digests glycosaminoglycan chains on CSPGs and can thereby overcome CSPG-mediated inhibition. But chABC loses its enzymatic activity rapidly at 37 degrees(More)
The ability to successfully interface the brain to external electrical systems is important both for fundamental understanding of our nervous system and for the development of neuroprosthetics. Silicon microelectrode arrays offer great promise in realizing this potential. However, when they are implanted into the brain, recording sensitivity is lost due to(More)
Keywords: The L1 optimization Outlier removal The sum of infeasibilities a b s t r a c t This paper shows that we can classify latent outliers efficiently through the process of minimizing the sum of infeasibilities (SOI). The SOI minimization has been developed in the area of convex optimization to find an initial solution, solve a feasibility problem, or(More)
In a dynamic environment, animals need to update information about the rewards expected from their alternative actions continually to make optimal choices for its survival. Because the reward resulting from a given action can be substantially delayed, the process of linking a reward to its causative action would be facilitated by memory signals related to(More)
(2014): 'It's up to you': Experimentally manipulated autonomy support for prosocial behavior improves well-being in two cultures over six weeks, The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the " Content ") contained in the(More)
To obtain evidence linking long-term potentiation (LTP) and memory, we examined whether LTP induction modifies functional relationship among neurons in the rat hippocampus. In contrast to neurons in low-frequency stimulated or AP5-treated slices, LTP induction altered 'functional connectivity,' as defined by the degree of synchronous firing, among(More)