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RANKL, a member of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily, regulates the differentiation, activation, and survival of osteoclasts through binding to its cognate receptor, RANK. RANK can interact with several TNF-receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) and activates signaling molecules including Akt, NF-kappaB, and MAPKs. Although the transient elevation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10; also called CXCL10), a chemokine important in the migration and proliferation of T cells, is induced in a wide variety of cell types. However, the role of IP-10 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential role of IP-10 in bone resorption(More)
Bone is a dynamic tissue that is regulated by the activity of bone-resorbing osteoclasts and bone-forming osteoblasts. Excessive osteoclast formation causes diseases such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Natural substances may be useful as therapeutic drugs to prevent many diseases in humans because they avoid the many side effects of treatment(More)
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily consists of a wide variety of cell-bound and secreted proteins that regulate numerous cellular processes. In particular, TNF-family proteins regulate the proliferation and death of tumor cells, as well as activated immune cells. This overview discusses the mammalian TNF receptor-associated factors (TRAFs), of(More)
Bone remodeling is accompanied by the differentiation of osteoclasts from the monocyte/macrophage lineage of hematopoietic cells. The osteoclast differentiation process requires receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) ligand (RANKL), which causes complex changes in the expression of various genes. In a cDNA microarray study to identify(More)
Osteoclasts, multinuclear cells specialized for bone resorption, differentiate from the monocyte/macrophage lineage of hematopoietic cells. Intervention in osteoclast differentiation is considered an effective therapeutic approach to the treatment of bone diseases involving osteoclasts. In this study, we found that tanshinone IIA, originating from Salvia(More)
Membrane lipid rafts play a key role in immune cell activation by recruiting and excluding specific signaling components of immune cell surface receptors upon the receptor engagement. Despite this, the role of these microdomains in the regulation of osteoclasts as controlled by receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (RANK) has yet to be established. In(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major anti-inflammatory compound in green tea, has been shown to suppress osteoclast differentiation. However, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory action of EGCG in osteoclastogenesis and the effect of EGCG on inflammation-mediated bone destruction remain unclear. In this study, we found that(More)
Tanshinone IIA isolated from Danshen is widely used in Oriental medicine. However, the action of tanshinone IIA in inflammatory bone-resorptive diseases remains unknown. Here we examined the effect of tanshinone IIA in inflammation-mediated osteoclastic bone resorption. Tanshinone IIA inhibited osteoclast differentiation in cocultures of bone marrow cells(More)
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells with the unique ability to resorb bone. Elevated activity of these cells under pathologic conditions leads to the progression of bone erosion that occurs in osteoporosis, periodontal disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Thus, the regulation of osteoclast apoptosis is important for bone homeostasis. In this study, we(More)