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Disruption of the function of tumor suppressor proteins occasionally can be dependent on their subcellular localization. In about 40% of the breast cancer tissues, p53 is found in the cytoplasm as opposed to the nucleus, where it resides in normal breast cells. This means that the regulation of subcellular location of p53 is an important mechanism in(More)
In vivo knowledge of the spatial distribution of viable, necrotic, and hypoxic areas can provide prognostic information about the risk of developing metastases and regional radiation sensitivity and may be used potentially for localized dose escalation in radiation treatment. In this study, multimodality in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron(More)
UNLABELLED Contrast-enhancing magnetic resonance mechanism, employing either positive or negative signal changes, has contrast-specific signal characteristics. Although highly sensitive, negative contrast typically decreases the resolution and spatial specificity of MRI, whereas positive contrast lacks a high contrast-to-noise ratio but offers high spatial(More)
High field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based delineation of the substantia nigra (SN) and visualization of its inner cellular organization are promising methods for the evaluation of morphological changes associated with neurodegenerative diseases; however, corresponding MR contrasts must be matched and validated with quantitative histological(More)
In solid tumors, hypoxia contributes significantly to radiation and chemotherapy resistance and to poor outcomes. The "gold standard" pO(2) electrode measurements of hypoxia in vivo are unsatisfactory because they are invasive and have limited spatial coverage. Here, we present an approach to identify areas of tumor hypoxia using the signal versus time(More)
P22 viral capsids and ferritin protein cages are utilized as templating macromolecules to conjugate Gd(III)-chelating agent complexes, and we systematically investigates the effects of the macromolecules' size and the conjugation positions of Gd(III)-chelating agents on the magnetic resonance (MR) relaxivities and the resulting image contrasts. The(More)
NMR can probe the microstructures of anisotropic materials such as liquid crystals, stretched polymers and biological tissues through measurement of the diffusion propagator, where internal structures are indicated by restricted diffusion. Multi-dimensional measurements can probe the microscopic anisotropy, but full sampling can then quickly become(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) provides critical information regarding tumor perfusion and permeability by injecting a T(1) contrast agent, such as Gd-DTPA, and making a time-resolved measurement of signal increase. Both temporal and spatial resolutions are required to be high to achieve an accurate and reproducible(More)
The endothelin-1 antagonist, Atrasentan (ABT-627) was used to modify perfusion in the human tumor xenograft model, HT29, growing in nude mice. Atrasentan produced a significant increase in perfusion, as measured in vivo by Gd-DTPA DCE-MRI. Changes in tumor hypoxia were assessed by comparing the binding of two hypoxia tracers, pimonidazole and EF5 given(More)