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While shorter characteristic path length has in general been believed to enhance synchronizability of a coupled oscillator system on a complex network, the suppressing tendency of the heterogeneity of the degree distribution, even for shorter characteristic path length, has also been reported. To see this, we investigate the effects of various factors such(More)
The entrainment transition of coupled random frequency oscillators is revisited. The Kuramoto model (global coupling) is shown to exhibit unusual sample-dependent finite-size effects leading to a correlation size exponent nu=5/2. Simulations of locally coupled oscillators in d dimensions reveal two types of frequency entrainment: mean-field behavior at d>4(More)
We study collective behavior of locally coupled limit-cycle oscillators with scattered intrinsic frequencies on d -dimensional lattices. A linear analysis shows that the system should always be desynchronized up to d=4 . On the other hand, numerical investigation for d=5 and d=6 reveals the emergence of the synchronized (ordered) phase via a continuous(More)
The onset of synchronization in a system of random frequency oscillators coupled through a random network is investigated. Using a mean-field approximation, we characterize sample-to-sample fluctuations for networks of finite size, and derive the corresponding scaling properties in the critical region. For scale-free networks with the degree distribution(More)
We study collective behavior of locally coupled limit-cycle oscillators with random intrinsic frequencies, spatially extended over d -dimensional hypercubic lattices. Phase synchronization as well as frequency entrainment are explored analytically in the linear (strong-coupling) regime and numerically in the nonlinear (weak-coupling) regime. Our analysis(More)
We revisit the Kuramoto model to explore the finite-size scaling (FSS) of the order parameter and its dynamic fluctuations near the onset of the synchronization transition, paying particular attention to effects induced by the randomness of the intrinsic frequencies of oscillators. For a population of size N, we study two ways of sampling the intrinsic(More)
Systems with absorbing (trapped) states may exhibit a nonequilibrium phase transition from a noise-free inactive phase into an everlasting active phase. We briefly review the absorbing critical phenomena and universality classes, and discuss over the controversial issues on the pair contact process with diffusion (PCPD). Two different approaches are(More)
The explosive percolation problem on the complete graph is investigated via extensive numerical simulations. We obtain the cluster-size distribution at the moment when the cluster size heterogeneity becomes maximum. The distribution is found to be well described by the power-law form with the decay exponent τ=2.06(2), followed by a hump. We then use the(More)
We show that the total entropy production in stochastic processes with odd-parity variables (under time reversal) is separated into three parts, only two of which satisfy the integral fluctuation theorems in general. One is the usual excess contribution that can appear only transiently and is called nonadiabatic. Another one is attributed solely to the(More)