Hyung-Woo Kim

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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
Myxobacteria are single-celled, but social, eubacterial predators. Upon starvation they build multicellular fruiting bodies using a developmental program that progressively changes the pattern of cell movement and the repertoire of genes expressed. Development terminates with spore differentiation and is coordinated by both diffusible and cell-bound(More)
The mechanism of action of buforin II, which is a 21-amino acid peptide with a potent antimicrobial activity against a broad range of microorganisms, was studied using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled buforin II and a gel-retardation experiment. Its mechanism of action was compared with that of the well-characterized magainin 2, which has a(More)
Low oxygen tension influences tumor progression by enhancing angiogenesis; and histone deacetylases (HDAC) are implicated in alteration of chromatin assembly and tumorigenesis. Here we show induction of HDAC under hypoxia and elucidate a role for HDAC in the regulation of hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. Overexpressed wild-type HDAC1 downregulated expression(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the clinical utility of mitral annulus velocity in the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function. BACKGROUND Mitral inflow velocity recorded by Doppler echocardiography has been widely used to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function but is affected by other factors. The mitral annulus velocity profile during(More)
Promoter hypermethylation is an important pathway for the repression of gene transcription in cancer. We investigated promoter hypermethylation of six genes, p16, APC, HIC-1, death-associated protein kinase (DAPK), O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT), and E-cadherin, in uterine cervical carcinoma from 53 patients including 31 cases of squamous(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate the actions of the insulin-like growth factors in endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine settings. Additionally, some IGFBPs appear to exhibit biological effects that are IGF independent. The six high-affinity IGFBPs that have been characterized to date exhibit 40-60% amino acid sequence(More)
The mac25 cDNA was originally cloned from leptomeningial cells and subsequently reisolated through differential display as a sequence preferentially expressed in senescent human mammary epithelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence of the human mac25 propeptide shares a 20-25% identity to human insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs),(More)
This study examined the dose-linearity pharmacokinetics of bisphenol A, a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified endocrine disruptor, in rats following iv administration. Upon iv injection of 0.2, 0.5, 1, or 2 mg/kg, serum levels of bisphenol A declined biexponentially, with mean initial distribution and elimination half-life ranges of 4-8.2(More)
In human in-vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer, the in-vitro culture environment differs from in-vivo conditions in that the oxygen concentration is higher, and in such conditions the mouse embryos show a higher concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in simple culture media. ROS are believed to cause damage to cell membranes and DNA(More)