Hyung-Suk Kim

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Cyclooxygenases 1 and 2 (COX-1 and COX-2) are key enzymes in prostaglandin biosynthesis and the target enzymes for the widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To study the physiological roles of the individual isoforms, we have disrupted the mouse Ptgs1 gene encoding COX-1. Homozygous Ptgs1 mutant mice survive well, have no gastric pathology, and(More)
Essential hypertension is a common disease, yet its pathogenesis is not well understood. Altered control of sodium excretion in the kidney may be a key causative feature, but this has been difficult to test experimentally, and recent studies have challenged this hypothesis. Based on the critical role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the type I(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), the molecular target of a class of insulin sensitizers, regulates adipocyte differentiation and lipid metabolism. A dominant negative P467L mutation in the ligand-binding domain of PPARgamma in humans is associated with severe insulin resistance and hypertension. Homozygous mice with the(More)
To examine the mechanisms whereby amino acids modulate nitric oxide (NO) production and blood flow in the renal vasculature, chemiluminescence techniques were used to quantify NO in the renal venous effluent of the isolated, perfused rat kidney as different amino acids were added to the perfusate. The addition of 10(-4) or 10(-3) M cationic amino acids(More)
To study the effects of decreased amounts or absence of aldosterone on development and endocrine function, we have disrupted the mouse gene, Cyp11b2, coding for aldosterone synthase (AS) by replacing its first two exons with sequences coding for enhanced green fluorescent protein. The null pups fail to thrive postnatally, and about 30% die between d 7 and(More)
Experimental analysis of the effects of individual components of complex mammalian systems is frequently impeded by compensatory adjustments that animals make to achieve homeostasis. We here introduce a genetic procedure for eliminating this type of impediment, by using as an example the development and testing of a transgene for "genetically clamping" the(More)
Mice lacking Ren1c were generated using C57BL/6-derived embryonic stem cells. Mice homozygous for Ren1c disruption (Ren1c-/-) are born at the expected ratio, but approximately 80% die of dehydration within a few days. The surviving Ren1c-/- mice have no renin mRNA expression in the kidney, hydronephrosis, thickening of renal arterial walls, and fibrosis in(More)
Here we investigate the biochemical, molecular, and cellular changes directed toward blood pressure homeostasis that occur in the endocrine branch of the renin-angiotensin system of mice having one angiotensinogen gene inactivated. No compensatory up-regulation of the remaining normal allele occurs in the liver, the main tissue of angiotensinogen synthesis.(More)
To explore the role of the kallikrein-kinin system in relation to ischemia/reperfusion injury in the kidney, we generated mice lacking both the bradykinin B1 and B2 receptor genes (B1RB2R-null, Bdkrb1-/-/Bdkrb2-/-) by deleting the genomic region encoding the two receptors. In 4-month-old mice, blood pressures were not significantly different among(More)
Experiments were performed to determine whether L-arginine transport regulates nitric oxide (NO) production and hemodynamics in the renal medulla. The effects of renal medullary interstitial infusion of cationic amino acids, which compete with L-arginine for cellular uptake, on NO levels and blood flow in the medulla were examined in anesthetized rats. NO(More)