Hyung-Jin Kim

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The global monsoon (GM) is a defining feature of the annual variation of Earth’s climate system. Quantifying and understanding the present-day monsoon precipitation change are crucial for prediction of its future and reflection of its past. Here we show that regional monsoons are coordinated not only by external solar forcing but also by internal feedback(More)
Rapid Arctic warming and sea-ice reduction in the Arctic Ocean are widely attributed to anthropogenic climate change. The Arctic warming exceeds the global average warming because of feedbacks that include sea-ice reduction and other dynamical and radiative feedbacks. We find that the most prominent annual mean surface and tropospheric warming in the Arctic(More)
Prediction of monsoon changes in the coming decades is important for infrastructure planning and sustainable economic development. The decadal prediction involves both natural decadal variability and anthropogenic forcing. Hitherto, the causes of the decadal variability of Northern Hemisphere summer monsoon (NHSM) are largely unknown because the monsoons(More)
The purpose of this article is to study the heat transfer characteristics of a voice-coil and permanent magnet for a speaker using nano-sized ferrofluid. In order to investigate the temperature characteristics of the speaker, the speaker power ratings, ambient temperatures of the test chamber, chamber sizes and input signals were tested. As a result, the(More)
In this study, a method for controlling the magnetomotive force using the current bypass of no-insulation magnets was developed, and the characteristics of 1G high-temperature superconductivity (HTS) no-insulation magnets were elucidated through experiments. The experiments were performed using a magnet designed with bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide(More)
The Stille couplings of 3,5-dibromo-2-pyrone normally take place regioselectively at C3, lower in electron density than C5, thus oxidative addition proceeds faster . When the reactions are carried out with Cu(I) in DMF or other polar aprotic solvent, however, the couplings occur predominantly at C5. The observed regiochemical reversal is attributed to the(More)
The objective of this study is to numerically investigate the temperature and heat transfer characteristics of the voice coil for a woofer with and without bobbins using the thermal equivalent heat conduction models. The temperature and heat transfer characteristics of the main components of the woofer were analyzed with input powers ranging from 5 W to 60(More)
Photothermal treatment (PTT) using gold nanoshells (gold-NSs) is accepted as a method for treating cancer. However, owing to restrictions in therapeutic depth and skin damage caused by excessive light exposure, its application has been limited to lesions close to the epidermis. Here, we demonstrate an in vivo PTT method that uses gold-NSs with a flexible(More)
We propose a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system that uses a single line-scan detection scheme for balanced detection. Two phase-opposed spectra, generated by two optical fiber couplers, were detected by using a spectrometer with fast optical switching. A 2.69 km optical fiber was introduced to provide a proper time delay to prevent(More)