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OBJECTIVE To investigate the changes in cortical excitability of the human motor cortex induced by high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of different stimulation durations. METHODS Twenty healthy subjects participated in the study. Subjects received 20 trains of 10-Hz rTMS at 80% of the resting motor threshold (RMT) intensity(More)
UNLABELLED Kang BS, Shin HI, Bang MS. Effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the hand motor cortical area on central pain after spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the analgesic effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied on the hand motor cortical area in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) who have(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare pain induced by magnetic stimulation of the quadriceps femoris (QF) muscle with that induced by transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). DESIGN Magnetic stimulation and transcutaneous NMES were applied to QF muscles of 17 normal volunteers. The intensity of each mode of stimulation(More)
This study investigated the changes in motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude and motor behavior index when paired associative stimulation (PAS), a conjoint stimulation of a peripheral nerve and the motor cortex, was applied in a rat stroke model. The PAS was applied to 19 rats and sham stimulation was applied to 15 rats. One part of PAS consisted of(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide the latest statistics about the length of hospital stay (LOS) and the number of hospitals where the patient was admitted (NHA) for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to investigate the correlated demographic characteristics. METHOD In total, 277 patients with SCI who were members of the Korea Spinal Cord Injury Association(More)
BACKGROUND It is suggested that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can produce lasting changes in corticospinal excitability and can potentially be used for the treatment of neuropathic pain. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the effects of tDCS are unknown. OBJECTIVE We investigated the underlying neural mechanisms of tDCS for(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a newly manufactured botulinum toxin, Neuronox, compared with BOTOX for the treatment of the spastic equinus gait in children with cerebral palsy. METHOD A total of 127 children with cerebral palsy, aged 2 to 10 years, who presented at three university hospitals with spastic equinus gait(More)
It can be difficult for clinicians to distinguish a paradoxical response to antituberculous therapy, worsening of an existing lesion despite adequate treatment, treatment failure, and drug resistance. We report a case of a 69-year-old woman who experienced bilateral lower extremity paralysis secondary to a paradoxical response. She had been suffering for 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the degree of disparity in unmet healthcare needs between people with disabilities and the general population in South Korea, and to analyze their perspective reasons. METHOD Survey results of 9,744 subjects that participated in the 4(th) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and 7,000 people that participated in(More)